Structural and electrochemical study of Al2O3 and TiO2 Coated Li1.2Ni0.13Mn0.54Co 0.13O2 cathode material using ALD

Xiaofeng Zhang, Ilias Belharouak, Li Li, Yu Lei, Jeffrey W. Elam, Anmin Nie, Xinqi Chen, Reza S. Yassar, Richard L. Axelbaum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

202 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nanolayers of Al2O3 and TiO2 coatings were applied to lithium- and manganese-rich cathode powder Li1.2Ni 0.13Mn0.54Co0.13O2 using an atomic layer deposition (ALD) method. The ALD coatings exhibited different surface morphologies; the Al2O3 surface film appeared to be uniform and conformal, while the TiO2 layers appeared as particulates across the material surface. In a Li-cell, the Al2O3 surface film was stable during repeated charge and discharge, and this improved the cell cycling stability, despite a high surface impedance. The TiO 2 layer was found to be more reactive with Li and formed a Li xTiO2 interface, which led to a slight increase in cell capacity. However, the repetitive insertion/extraction process for the Li + ions caused erosion of the surface protective TiO2 film, which led to degradation in cell performance, particularly at high temperature. For cells comprised of the coated Li1.2Ni0.13Mn 0.54Co0.13O2 and an anode of meso-carbon-micro-beads (MCMB), the cycling stability introduced by ALD was not enough to overcome the electrochemical instability of MCMB graphite. Therefore, protection of the cathode materials by ALD Al2O3 or TiO2 can address some of the capacity fading issues related to the Li-rich cathode at room temperature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1299-1307
Number of pages9
JournalAdvanced Energy Materials
Volume3
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2013
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Atomic layer deposition
Cathodes
Carbon
Coatings
Graphite
Protective coatings
Manganese
Lithium
Powders
Surface morphology
Erosion
Anodes
Ions
Degradation
Temperature

Keywords

  • atomic layer deposition
  • cathode materials
  • lithium-ion batteries
  • surface modification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

Structural and electrochemical study of Al2O3 and TiO2 Coated Li1.2Ni0.13Mn0.54Co 0.13O2 cathode material using ALD. / Zhang, Xiaofeng; Belharouak, Ilias; Li, Li; Lei, Yu; Elam, Jeffrey W.; Nie, Anmin; Chen, Xinqi; Yassar, Reza S.; Axelbaum, Richard L.

In: Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 3, No. 10, 01.10.2013, p. 1299-1307.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zhang, Xiaofeng ; Belharouak, Ilias ; Li, Li ; Lei, Yu ; Elam, Jeffrey W. ; Nie, Anmin ; Chen, Xinqi ; Yassar, Reza S. ; Axelbaum, Richard L. / Structural and electrochemical study of Al2O3 and TiO2 Coated Li1.2Ni0.13Mn0.54Co 0.13O2 cathode material using ALD. In: Advanced Energy Materials. 2013 ; Vol. 3, No. 10. pp. 1299-1307.
@article{1deb7057709240e7b74127b7e2f871b3,
title = "Structural and electrochemical study of Al2O3 and TiO2 Coated Li1.2Ni0.13Mn0.54Co 0.13O2 cathode material using ALD",
abstract = "Nanolayers of Al2O3 and TiO2 coatings were applied to lithium- and manganese-rich cathode powder Li1.2Ni 0.13Mn0.54Co0.13O2 using an atomic layer deposition (ALD) method. The ALD coatings exhibited different surface morphologies; the Al2O3 surface film appeared to be uniform and conformal, while the TiO2 layers appeared as particulates across the material surface. In a Li-cell, the Al2O3 surface film was stable during repeated charge and discharge, and this improved the cell cycling stability, despite a high surface impedance. The TiO 2 layer was found to be more reactive with Li and formed a Li xTiO2 interface, which led to a slight increase in cell capacity. However, the repetitive insertion/extraction process for the Li + ions caused erosion of the surface protective TiO2 film, which led to degradation in cell performance, particularly at high temperature. For cells comprised of the coated Li1.2Ni0.13Mn 0.54Co0.13O2 and an anode of meso-carbon-micro-beads (MCMB), the cycling stability introduced by ALD was not enough to overcome the electrochemical instability of MCMB graphite. Therefore, protection of the cathode materials by ALD Al2O3 or TiO2 can address some of the capacity fading issues related to the Li-rich cathode at room temperature.",
keywords = "atomic layer deposition, cathode materials, lithium-ion batteries, surface modification",
author = "Xiaofeng Zhang and Ilias Belharouak and Li Li and Yu Lei and Elam, {Jeffrey W.} and Anmin Nie and Xinqi Chen and Yassar, {Reza S.} and Axelbaum, {Richard L.}",
year = "2013",
month = "10",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1002/aenm.201300269",
language = "English",
volume = "3",
pages = "1299--1307",
journal = "Advanced Energy Materials",
issn = "1614-6832",
publisher = "Wiley-VCH Verlag",
number = "10",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Structural and electrochemical study of Al2O3 and TiO2 Coated Li1.2Ni0.13Mn0.54Co 0.13O2 cathode material using ALD

AU - Zhang, Xiaofeng

AU - Belharouak, Ilias

AU - Li, Li

AU - Lei, Yu

AU - Elam, Jeffrey W.

AU - Nie, Anmin

AU - Chen, Xinqi

AU - Yassar, Reza S.

AU - Axelbaum, Richard L.

PY - 2013/10/1

Y1 - 2013/10/1

N2 - Nanolayers of Al2O3 and TiO2 coatings were applied to lithium- and manganese-rich cathode powder Li1.2Ni 0.13Mn0.54Co0.13O2 using an atomic layer deposition (ALD) method. The ALD coatings exhibited different surface morphologies; the Al2O3 surface film appeared to be uniform and conformal, while the TiO2 layers appeared as particulates across the material surface. In a Li-cell, the Al2O3 surface film was stable during repeated charge and discharge, and this improved the cell cycling stability, despite a high surface impedance. The TiO 2 layer was found to be more reactive with Li and formed a Li xTiO2 interface, which led to a slight increase in cell capacity. However, the repetitive insertion/extraction process for the Li + ions caused erosion of the surface protective TiO2 film, which led to degradation in cell performance, particularly at high temperature. For cells comprised of the coated Li1.2Ni0.13Mn 0.54Co0.13O2 and an anode of meso-carbon-micro-beads (MCMB), the cycling stability introduced by ALD was not enough to overcome the electrochemical instability of MCMB graphite. Therefore, protection of the cathode materials by ALD Al2O3 or TiO2 can address some of the capacity fading issues related to the Li-rich cathode at room temperature.

AB - Nanolayers of Al2O3 and TiO2 coatings were applied to lithium- and manganese-rich cathode powder Li1.2Ni 0.13Mn0.54Co0.13O2 using an atomic layer deposition (ALD) method. The ALD coatings exhibited different surface morphologies; the Al2O3 surface film appeared to be uniform and conformal, while the TiO2 layers appeared as particulates across the material surface. In a Li-cell, the Al2O3 surface film was stable during repeated charge and discharge, and this improved the cell cycling stability, despite a high surface impedance. The TiO 2 layer was found to be more reactive with Li and formed a Li xTiO2 interface, which led to a slight increase in cell capacity. However, the repetitive insertion/extraction process for the Li + ions caused erosion of the surface protective TiO2 film, which led to degradation in cell performance, particularly at high temperature. For cells comprised of the coated Li1.2Ni0.13Mn 0.54Co0.13O2 and an anode of meso-carbon-micro-beads (MCMB), the cycling stability introduced by ALD was not enough to overcome the electrochemical instability of MCMB graphite. Therefore, protection of the cathode materials by ALD Al2O3 or TiO2 can address some of the capacity fading issues related to the Li-rich cathode at room temperature.

KW - atomic layer deposition

KW - cathode materials

KW - lithium-ion batteries

KW - surface modification

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84886086293&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84886086293&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/aenm.201300269

DO - 10.1002/aenm.201300269

M3 - Article

VL - 3

SP - 1299

EP - 1307

JO - Advanced Energy Materials

JF - Advanced Energy Materials

SN - 1614-6832

IS - 10

ER -