Strong-lensing analysis of A1689 from deep advanced camera images

Tom Broadhurst, Narciso Benítez, Dan Coe, Keren Sharon, Kerry Zekser, Rick White, Holland Ford, Rychard Bouwens, John Blakeslee, Marc Clampin, Nick Cross, Marijn Franx, Brenda Frye, George Hartig, Garth Illingworth, Leopoldo Infante, Felipe Menanteau, Gerhardt Meurer, Marc Postman, D. R. Ardila & 22 others F. Bartko, R. A. Brown, C. J. Burrows, E. S. Cheng, P. D. Feldman, D. A. Golimowski, T. Goto, C. Gronwall, D. Herranz, B. Holden, N. Homeier, J. E. Krist, M. P. Lesser, A. R. Martel, G. K. Miley, P. Rosati, M. Sirianni, W. B. Sparks, S. Steindling, H. D. Tran, Zlatan Tsvetanov, W. Zheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

234 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We analyze deep multicolor Advanced Camera images of the largest known gravitational lens, A1689. Radial and tangential arcs delineate the critical curves in unprecedented detail, and many small counterimages are found near the center of mass. We construct a flexible light deflection field to predict the appearance and positions of counterimages. The model is refined as new counterimages are identified and incorporated to improve the model, yielding a total of 106 images of 30 multiply lensed background galaxies, spanning a wide redshift range, 1.0 < z < 5.5. The resulting mass map is more circular in projection than the clumpy distribution of cluster galaxies, and the light is more concentrated than the mass within r < 50 kpc h-1. The projected mass profile flattens steadily toward the center with a shallow mean slope of d log Σ/dlog r≃-0.55±0.1, over the observed range r < 250 kpc h-1, matching well an NFW profile, but with a relatively high concentration, Cvir = 8.2-1.8 +2.1. A softened isothermal profile (rcore = 20 ± 2″) is not conclusively excluded, illustrating that lensing constrains only projected quantities. Regarding cosmology, we clearly detect the purely geometric increase of bend angles with redshift. The dependence on the cosmological parameters is weak owing to the proximity of A1689, z = 0.18, constraining the locus, ΩM + Ωλ < 1.2. This consistency with standard cosmology provides independent support for our model, because the redshift information is not required to derive an accurate mass map. Similarly, the relative fluxes of the multiple images are reproduced well by our best-fitting lens model.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)53-88
Number of pages36
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume621
Issue number1 I
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2005
Externally publishedYes

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cameras
cosmology
profiles
galaxies
gravitational lenses
loci
center of mass
proximity
deflection
arcs
projection
lenses
slopes
analysis
curves

Keywords

  • Cosmological parameters
  • Galaxies: Clusters: Individual (a1683)
  • Gravitational lensing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Broadhurst, T., Benítez, N., Coe, D., Sharon, K., Zekser, K., White, R., ... Zheng, W. (2005). Strong-lensing analysis of A1689 from deep advanced camera images. Astrophysical Journal, 621(1 I), 53-88. https://doi.org/10.1086/426494

Strong-lensing analysis of A1689 from deep advanced camera images. / Broadhurst, Tom; Benítez, Narciso; Coe, Dan; Sharon, Keren; Zekser, Kerry; White, Rick; Ford, Holland; Bouwens, Rychard; Blakeslee, John; Clampin, Marc; Cross, Nick; Franx, Marijn; Frye, Brenda; Hartig, George; Illingworth, Garth; Infante, Leopoldo; Menanteau, Felipe; Meurer, Gerhardt; Postman, Marc; Ardila, D. R.; Bartko, F.; Brown, R. A.; Burrows, C. J.; Cheng, E. S.; Feldman, P. D.; Golimowski, D. A.; Goto, T.; Gronwall, C.; Herranz, D.; Holden, B.; Homeier, N.; Krist, J. E.; Lesser, M. P.; Martel, A. R.; Miley, G. K.; Rosati, P.; Sirianni, M.; Sparks, W. B.; Steindling, S.; Tran, H. D.; Tsvetanov, Zlatan; Zheng, W.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 621, No. 1 I, 01.03.2005, p. 53-88.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Broadhurst, T, Benítez, N, Coe, D, Sharon, K, Zekser, K, White, R, Ford, H, Bouwens, R, Blakeslee, J, Clampin, M, Cross, N, Franx, M, Frye, B, Hartig, G, Illingworth, G, Infante, L, Menanteau, F, Meurer, G, Postman, M, Ardila, DR, Bartko, F, Brown, RA, Burrows, CJ, Cheng, ES, Feldman, PD, Golimowski, DA, Goto, T, Gronwall, C, Herranz, D, Holden, B, Homeier, N, Krist, JE, Lesser, MP, Martel, AR, Miley, GK, Rosati, P, Sirianni, M, Sparks, WB, Steindling, S, Tran, HD, Tsvetanov, Z & Zheng, W 2005, 'Strong-lensing analysis of A1689 from deep advanced camera images', Astrophysical Journal, vol. 621, no. 1 I, pp. 53-88. https://doi.org/10.1086/426494
Broadhurst T, Benítez N, Coe D, Sharon K, Zekser K, White R et al. Strong-lensing analysis of A1689 from deep advanced camera images. Astrophysical Journal. 2005 Mar 1;621(1 I):53-88. https://doi.org/10.1086/426494
Broadhurst, Tom ; Benítez, Narciso ; Coe, Dan ; Sharon, Keren ; Zekser, Kerry ; White, Rick ; Ford, Holland ; Bouwens, Rychard ; Blakeslee, John ; Clampin, Marc ; Cross, Nick ; Franx, Marijn ; Frye, Brenda ; Hartig, George ; Illingworth, Garth ; Infante, Leopoldo ; Menanteau, Felipe ; Meurer, Gerhardt ; Postman, Marc ; Ardila, D. R. ; Bartko, F. ; Brown, R. A. ; Burrows, C. J. ; Cheng, E. S. ; Feldman, P. D. ; Golimowski, D. A. ; Goto, T. ; Gronwall, C. ; Herranz, D. ; Holden, B. ; Homeier, N. ; Krist, J. E. ; Lesser, M. P. ; Martel, A. R. ; Miley, G. K. ; Rosati, P. ; Sirianni, M. ; Sparks, W. B. ; Steindling, S. ; Tran, H. D. ; Tsvetanov, Zlatan ; Zheng, W. / Strong-lensing analysis of A1689 from deep advanced camera images. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2005 ; Vol. 621, No. 1 I. pp. 53-88.
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AU - Broadhurst, Tom

AU - Benítez, Narciso

AU - Coe, Dan

AU - Sharon, Keren

AU - Zekser, Kerry

AU - White, Rick

AU - Ford, Holland

AU - Bouwens, Rychard

AU - Blakeslee, John

AU - Clampin, Marc

AU - Cross, Nick

AU - Franx, Marijn

AU - Frye, Brenda

AU - Hartig, George

AU - Illingworth, Garth

AU - Infante, Leopoldo

AU - Menanteau, Felipe

AU - Meurer, Gerhardt

AU - Postman, Marc

AU - Ardila, D. R.

AU - Bartko, F.

AU - Brown, R. A.

AU - Burrows, C. J.

AU - Cheng, E. S.

AU - Feldman, P. D.

AU - Golimowski, D. A.

AU - Goto, T.

AU - Gronwall, C.

AU - Herranz, D.

AU - Holden, B.

AU - Homeier, N.

AU - Krist, J. E.

AU - Lesser, M. P.

AU - Martel, A. R.

AU - Miley, G. K.

AU - Rosati, P.

AU - Sirianni, M.

AU - Sparks, W. B.

AU - Steindling, S.

AU - Tran, H. D.

AU - Tsvetanov, Zlatan

AU - Zheng, W.

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N2 - We analyze deep multicolor Advanced Camera images of the largest known gravitational lens, A1689. Radial and tangential arcs delineate the critical curves in unprecedented detail, and many small counterimages are found near the center of mass. We construct a flexible light deflection field to predict the appearance and positions of counterimages. The model is refined as new counterimages are identified and incorporated to improve the model, yielding a total of 106 images of 30 multiply lensed background galaxies, spanning a wide redshift range, 1.0 < z < 5.5. The resulting mass map is more circular in projection than the clumpy distribution of cluster galaxies, and the light is more concentrated than the mass within r < 50 kpc h-1. The projected mass profile flattens steadily toward the center with a shallow mean slope of d log Σ/dlog r≃-0.55±0.1, over the observed range r < 250 kpc h-1, matching well an NFW profile, but with a relatively high concentration, Cvir = 8.2-1.8 +2.1. A softened isothermal profile (rcore = 20 ± 2″) is not conclusively excluded, illustrating that lensing constrains only projected quantities. Regarding cosmology, we clearly detect the purely geometric increase of bend angles with redshift. The dependence on the cosmological parameters is weak owing to the proximity of A1689, z = 0.18, constraining the locus, ΩM + Ωλ < 1.2. This consistency with standard cosmology provides independent support for our model, because the redshift information is not required to derive an accurate mass map. Similarly, the relative fluxes of the multiple images are reproduced well by our best-fitting lens model.

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KW - Galaxies: Clusters: Individual (a1683)

KW - Gravitational lensing

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