Stable auto-tuning of the direction of descent for gradient-based nonlinear adaptive control systems

Hazem Nounou, K. M. Passino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


In direct adaptive control, the adaptation mechanism attempts to adjust a parameterized nonlinear controller to approximate an ideal controller. In the indirect case, however, we approximate parts of the plant dynamics that are used by a feedback controller to cancel the system nonlinearities. In both cases, "approximators" such as linear mappings, polynomials, fuzzy systems, or neural networks can be used as either the parameterized nonlinear controller or identifier model. In this paper, we present an algorithm to tune the direction of descent for a gradient-based approximator parameter update law used for a class of nonlinear discrete-time systems in both direct and indirect cases. In our proposed algorithm, the direction of descent is obtained by minimizing the instantaneous control energy. We will show that updating the adaptation gain can be viewed as a special case of updating the direction of descent. Finally, we will illustrate the performance of the proposed algorithm via a simple surge tank example.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)600-605
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the American Control Conference
Publication statusPublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering

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