Spoken language understanding with kernels for syntactic/semantic structures

Alessandro Moschitti, Giuseppe Riccardi, Christian Raymond

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Automatic concept segmentation and labeling are the fundamental problems of Spoken Language Understanding in dialog systems. Such tasks are usually approached by using generative or discriminative models based on n-grams. As the uncertainty or ambiguity of the spoken input to dialog system increase, we expect to need dependencies beyond n-gram statistics. In this paper, a general purpose statistical syntactic parser is used to detect syntactic/semantic dependencies between concepts in order to increase the accuracy of sentence segmentation and concept labeling. The main novelty of the approach is the use of new tree kernel functions which encode syntactic/semantic structures in discriminative learning models. We experimented with Support Vector Machines and the above kernels on the standard ATIS dataset. The proposed algorithm automatically parses natural language text with off-the-shelf statistical parser and labels the syntactic (sub)trees with concept labels. The results show that the proposed model is very accurate and competitive with respect to state-of-theart models when combined with n-gram based models.

Original languageEnglish
Pages183-188
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2007
Event2007 IEEE Workshop on Automatic Speech Recognition and Understanding, ASRU 2007 - Kyoto, Japan
Duration: 9 Dec 200713 Dec 2007

Other

Other2007 IEEE Workshop on Automatic Speech Recognition and Understanding, ASRU 2007
CountryJapan
CityKyoto
Period9/12/0713/12/07

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Keywords

  • Kernel methods
  • Natural language processing
  • Spoken Language Understanding

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Software
  • Artificial Intelligence

Cite this

Moschitti, A., Riccardi, G., & Raymond, C. (2007). Spoken language understanding with kernels for syntactic/semantic structures. 183-188. Paper presented at 2007 IEEE Workshop on Automatic Speech Recognition and Understanding, ASRU 2007, Kyoto, Japan.