Spectroscopic sensing for in-situ monitoring of water fraction in natural gas flow

Hesham Enshasy, Amjad Omar, Mosong Cheng, Hussein Alnuweiri

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The paper presents a microwave sensing method to detect and quantify the presence of water or saline water in natural gas pipelines. Efficient and safe operation of natural gas production lines depends on intelligent monitoring capabilities of specific chemicals harmful to the operations and to the environment. For example, high salinity formation water will Erode the steel pipelines, thus requiring immediate actions. Quantifying such contents is as important as detecting them. Real-time, in-situ quantification of water fraction and salinity in the flow leads to reduced production cost and improved equipment safety. The gas pipe in this work is modeled as a waveguide that is filled with gas and different fractions of water. By measuring the magnitude and phase of the reflected and transmitted signals over a broad spectrum, the water fraction can be calculated using waveguide model. With water fraction increasing, signal magnitude changes and cutoff frequency shifts. Both signal magnitude and frequency shift can give accurate estimation of the water fraction inside. The advantage of using microwaves is the ability to cover the whole cross section area of the pipe, without missing any water droplet inside. Other methods, like electrochemical, resistivity or capacitance probes, only capture local variations. HFSS software was used to simulate the wave characteristics for different water volume fractions inside the pipe and the experimental data showed that a water fraction as low as 1% can be quantified. A repeatability study was done in this work and it showed that measurements have good repeatability.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSociety of Petroleum Engineers - SPE Middle East Intelligent Energy Conference and Exhibition 2013
PublisherSociety of Petroleum Engineers
ISBN (Print)9781613992760
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2013
EventSPE Middle East Intelligent Energy Conference and Exhibition 2013, IEME 2013 - Manama, Bahrain
Duration: 28 Oct 201330 Oct 2013

Other

OtherSPE Middle East Intelligent Energy Conference and Exhibition 2013, IEME 2013
CountryBahrain
CityManama
Period28/10/1330/10/13

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Keywords

  • Microwave Spectroscopic Sensing
  • Natural gas industry
  • NDT testing
  • Petroleum industry
  • Water fraction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Fuel Technology

Cite this

Enshasy, H., Omar, A., Cheng, M., & Alnuweiri, H. (2013). Spectroscopic sensing for in-situ monitoring of water fraction in natural gas flow. In Society of Petroleum Engineers - SPE Middle East Intelligent Energy Conference and Exhibition 2013 Society of Petroleum Engineers.