### Abstract

Cognitive Radio (CR) systems are a promising solution to the spectrum scarcity problem. However, accurate modeling of spectrum utilization is essential to obtain a better quantitative understanding of important concepts of CR systems. Compact mathematical formulations that describe the realistic spectrum usage would improve the recent theoretical work to a large extent. The data generated from such models would also increase the quality of the simulation based research in the aspect of realism. Besides, in practice, measurement campaigns would prefer if they could characterize results with a few well known parameters instead of exchanging large amount of data. Therefore, in this paper we try to come up with a mathematical model for the spectrum usage by estimating the Probability Mass Function (PMF) of the number of occupied channels. Note that this also gives an insight regarding the spectrum availability. To do this, the data collected from a spectrum occupancy measurement campaign conducted in the State of Qatar is used. The measurements are performed over three consecutive days considering 700-3000 MHz frequency band at four different locations concurrently. We show that after applying the Chi square test, the Log-Normal distribution fits the best among other candidates to the empirical PMF independent of location and the threshold used to define a channel as occupied.

Original language | English |
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Title of host publication | 2011 18th International Conference on Telecommunications, ICT 2011 |

Pages | 33-37 |

Number of pages | 5 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 2011 |

Event | 2011 18th International Conference on Telecommunications, ICT 2011 - Ayia Napa, Cyprus Duration: 8 May 2011 → 11 May 2011 |

### Other

Other | 2011 18th International Conference on Telecommunications, ICT 2011 |
---|---|

Country | Cyprus |

City | Ayia Napa |

Period | 8/5/11 → 11/5/11 |

### Fingerprint

### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Computer Networks and Communications
- Communication

### Cite this

*2011 18th International Conference on Telecommunications, ICT 2011*(pp. 33-37). [5898947] https://doi.org/10.1109/CTS.2011.5898947

**Spatio-temporal measurement and model for number of occupied channels.** / Qaraqe, Khalid; Rahimian, Nariman; Celebi, Hasari; Georghiades, Costas N.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding › Conference contribution

*2011 18th International Conference on Telecommunications, ICT 2011.*, 5898947, pp. 33-37, 2011 18th International Conference on Telecommunications, ICT 2011, Ayia Napa, Cyprus, 8/5/11. https://doi.org/10.1109/CTS.2011.5898947

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Spatio-temporal measurement and model for number of occupied channels

AU - Qaraqe, Khalid

AU - Rahimian, Nariman

AU - Celebi, Hasari

AU - Georghiades, Costas N.

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - Cognitive Radio (CR) systems are a promising solution to the spectrum scarcity problem. However, accurate modeling of spectrum utilization is essential to obtain a better quantitative understanding of important concepts of CR systems. Compact mathematical formulations that describe the realistic spectrum usage would improve the recent theoretical work to a large extent. The data generated from such models would also increase the quality of the simulation based research in the aspect of realism. Besides, in practice, measurement campaigns would prefer if they could characterize results with a few well known parameters instead of exchanging large amount of data. Therefore, in this paper we try to come up with a mathematical model for the spectrum usage by estimating the Probability Mass Function (PMF) of the number of occupied channels. Note that this also gives an insight regarding the spectrum availability. To do this, the data collected from a spectrum occupancy measurement campaign conducted in the State of Qatar is used. The measurements are performed over three consecutive days considering 700-3000 MHz frequency band at four different locations concurrently. We show that after applying the Chi square test, the Log-Normal distribution fits the best among other candidates to the empirical PMF independent of location and the threshold used to define a channel as occupied.

AB - Cognitive Radio (CR) systems are a promising solution to the spectrum scarcity problem. However, accurate modeling of spectrum utilization is essential to obtain a better quantitative understanding of important concepts of CR systems. Compact mathematical formulations that describe the realistic spectrum usage would improve the recent theoretical work to a large extent. The data generated from such models would also increase the quality of the simulation based research in the aspect of realism. Besides, in practice, measurement campaigns would prefer if they could characterize results with a few well known parameters instead of exchanging large amount of data. Therefore, in this paper we try to come up with a mathematical model for the spectrum usage by estimating the Probability Mass Function (PMF) of the number of occupied channels. Note that this also gives an insight regarding the spectrum availability. To do this, the data collected from a spectrum occupancy measurement campaign conducted in the State of Qatar is used. The measurements are performed over three consecutive days considering 700-3000 MHz frequency band at four different locations concurrently. We show that after applying the Chi square test, the Log-Normal distribution fits the best among other candidates to the empirical PMF independent of location and the threshold used to define a channel as occupied.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=79960927661&partnerID=8YFLogxK

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U2 - 10.1109/CTS.2011.5898947

DO - 10.1109/CTS.2011.5898947

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:79960927661

SN - 9781457700248

SP - 33

EP - 37

BT - 2011 18th International Conference on Telecommunications, ICT 2011

ER -