Space shift keying modulation for MIMO channels

Jeyadeepan Jeganathan, Ali Ghrayeb, Leszek Szczecinski, Andres Ceron

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

585 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper, we present space shift keying (SSK) as a new modulation scheme, which is based on spatial modulation (SM) concepts. Fading is exploited for multiple-input multipleoutput (MIMO) channels to provide better performance over conventional amplitude/phase modulation (APM) techniques. In SSK, it is the antenna index used during transmission that relays information, rather than the transmitted symbols themselves. This absence of symbol information eliminates the transceiver elements necessary for APM transmission and detection (such as coherent detectors). As well, the simplicity involved in modulation reduces the detection complexity compared to that of SM, while achieving almost identical performance gains. Throughout the paper, we illustrate SSK's strength by studying its interaction with the fading channel. We obtain tight upper bounds on bit error probability, and discuss SSK's performance under some non-ideal channel conditions (estimation error and spatial correlation). Analytical and simulation results show performance gains over APM systems (3 dB at a bit error rate of 10-5), making SSK an interesting candidate for future wireless applications. We then extend SSK concepts to incorporate channel coding, where in particular, we consider a bit interleaved coded modulation (BICM) system using iterative decoding for both convolutional and turbo codes. Capacity results are derived, and improvements over APM are illustrated (up to 1 bits/s/Hz), with performance gains of up to 5 dB.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3692-3703
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications
Volume8
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2009
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Amplitude Modulation
Phase Modulation
Amplitude modulation
Phase modulation
Modulation
Bit-interleaved Coded Modulation (BICM)
Iterative Decoding
Turbo Codes
Iterative decoding
Convolutional Codes
Channel Coding
Turbo codes
Convolutional codes
Channel coding
Spatial Correlation
Error Probability
Estimation Error
Fading Channels
Fading
Transceivers

Keywords

  • Multiple antenna array
  • Spatial modulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Space shift keying modulation for MIMO channels. / Jeganathan, Jeyadeepan; Ghrayeb, Ali; Szczecinski, Leszek; Ceron, Andres.

In: IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, Vol. 8, No. 7, 07.2009, p. 3692-3703.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Jeganathan, Jeyadeepan ; Ghrayeb, Ali ; Szczecinski, Leszek ; Ceron, Andres. / Space shift keying modulation for MIMO channels. In: IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications. 2009 ; Vol. 8, No. 7. pp. 3692-3703.
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