Source term modeling of vapor cloud formation during a cryogenic liquid spill based on a boiling model by CFD method

Yi Liu, Tomasz Olewski, Luc Vechot, Xiaodan Gao, Sam Mannan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The formation of a flammable vapor cloud following a spill of cryogenic liquids, e.g., ammonia and LNG, on a ground or water includes significant toxic, fire, or explosion hazards. The ability to predict the consequences of such an event is crucial to perform proper risk assessment. A boiling model, as one part of the source term modeling of cryogens, was developed using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) codes. Using the model, different boiling phenomena, including film boiling, transition boiling, and nucleate boiling were identified. The vaporization rate can be calculated depending on the ground temperature. The boiling model by CFD method can give a more accurate result than integral models or empirical correlations, especially when a complex geometry of the spill and surrounding was considered. Based on the boiling model, the pool formation and vaporization during cryogenic liquid spill on ground and/or water were studied. Liquid nitrogen was chosen as a safe analogue. The effects of the surface type (ground or water), hot surface conditions (temperature, slope, etc), weather conditions, and two-phase boiling flow rate were discussed and compared with experiments or/and literature data. This is an abstract of a paper presented at the 2012 AIChE Spring Meeting and 8th Global Congress on Process Safety (Houston, TX 4/1-5/2012).

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication12AIChE - 2012 AIChE Spring Meeting and 8th Global Congress on Process Safety, Conference Proceedings
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Event2012 AIChE Spring Meeting and 8th Global Congress on Process Safety, 12AIChE - Houston, TX, United States
Duration: 1 Apr 20125 Apr 2012

Other

Other2012 AIChE Spring Meeting and 8th Global Congress on Process Safety, 12AIChE
CountryUnited States
CityHouston, TX
Period1/4/125/4/12

Fingerprint

Cryogenic liquids
Hazardous materials spills
Boiling liquids
Computational fluid dynamics
Vapors
Vaporization
Water
Nucleate boiling
Poisons
Liquid nitrogen
Liquefied natural gas
Ammonia
Risk assessment
Explosions
Hazards
Fires
Flow rate
Temperature
Geometry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

Cite this

Liu, Y., Olewski, T., Vechot, L., Gao, X., & Mannan, S. (2012). Source term modeling of vapor cloud formation during a cryogenic liquid spill based on a boiling model by CFD method. In 12AIChE - 2012 AIChE Spring Meeting and 8th Global Congress on Process Safety, Conference Proceedings

Source term modeling of vapor cloud formation during a cryogenic liquid spill based on a boiling model by CFD method. / Liu, Yi; Olewski, Tomasz; Vechot, Luc; Gao, Xiaodan; Mannan, Sam.

12AIChE - 2012 AIChE Spring Meeting and 8th Global Congress on Process Safety, Conference Proceedings. 2012.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Liu, Y, Olewski, T, Vechot, L, Gao, X & Mannan, S 2012, Source term modeling of vapor cloud formation during a cryogenic liquid spill based on a boiling model by CFD method. in 12AIChE - 2012 AIChE Spring Meeting and 8th Global Congress on Process Safety, Conference Proceedings. 2012 AIChE Spring Meeting and 8th Global Congress on Process Safety, 12AIChE, Houston, TX, United States, 1/4/12.
Liu Y, Olewski T, Vechot L, Gao X, Mannan S. Source term modeling of vapor cloud formation during a cryogenic liquid spill based on a boiling model by CFD method. In 12AIChE - 2012 AIChE Spring Meeting and 8th Global Congress on Process Safety, Conference Proceedings. 2012
Liu, Yi ; Olewski, Tomasz ; Vechot, Luc ; Gao, Xiaodan ; Mannan, Sam. / Source term modeling of vapor cloud formation during a cryogenic liquid spill based on a boiling model by CFD method. 12AIChE - 2012 AIChE Spring Meeting and 8th Global Congress on Process Safety, Conference Proceedings. 2012.
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