Solid oxide fuel cell power generation systems

P. Singh, L. R. Pederson, S. P. Simner, J. W. Stevenson, V. V. Viswanathan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An increasing worldwide demand for premium power, electric utility deregulation and distributed power generation, global environmental concerns and regulatory controls have accelerated the development of advanced fuel cell based power generation systems. Fuel cells convert chemical energy to electrical energy through electrochemical oxidation of gaseous and/or liquid fuels ranging from hydrogen to hydrocarbons. Electrochemical oxidation of fuels prevents the formation of NO X, while the higher efficiency of the systems reduces carbon dioxide emissions (kg/kWh). Among various fuel cell power generation systems currently being developed for stationary and mobile applications, solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) offer higher efficiency (up to 80% overall efficiency in hybrid configurations), fuel flexibility, tolerance to CO poisoning, modularity, and use of non-noble construction materials. Tubular, planar, and monolithic cell and stack configurations are currently being developed for stationary and military applications. The current generation of fuel cells uses doped zirconia electrolyte, nickel cermet anode, doped Perovskite cathode electrodes and predominantly ceramic interconnection materials. Fuel cells and cell stacks operate in a temperature range of 800-1000 °. Low cost ($400/kWe), modular (3-10kWe) SOFC technology development approach of the Solid State Energy Conversion Alliance (SECA) initiative of the USDOE will be presented and discussed. SOFC technology will be reviewed and future technology development needs will be addressed.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference
Pages953-958
Number of pages6
Volume2
Publication statusPublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes
EventProceedings of the 36th Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference, IECEC - Savannah, GA, United States
Duration: 29 Jul 20012 Aug 2001

Other

OtherProceedings of the 36th Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference, IECEC
CountryUnited States
CitySavannah, GA
Period29/7/012/8/01

Fingerprint

Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC)
Power generation
Fuel cells
Electrochemical oxidation
Military applications
Deregulation
Electric utilities
Liquid fuels
Distributed power generation
Energy conversion
Zirconia
Perovskite
Carbon dioxide
Anodes
Cathodes
Hydrocarbons
Electrolytes
Nickel
Hydrogen
Electrodes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Fuel Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Singh, P., Pederson, L. R., Simner, S. P., Stevenson, J. W., & Viswanathan, V. V. (2001). Solid oxide fuel cell power generation systems. In Proceedings of the Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference (Vol. 2, pp. 953-958)

Solid oxide fuel cell power generation systems. / Singh, P.; Pederson, L. R.; Simner, S. P.; Stevenson, J. W.; Viswanathan, V. V.

Proceedings of the Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference. Vol. 2 2001. p. 953-958.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Singh, P, Pederson, LR, Simner, SP, Stevenson, JW & Viswanathan, VV 2001, Solid oxide fuel cell power generation systems. in Proceedings of the Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference. vol. 2, pp. 953-958, Proceedings of the 36th Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference, IECEC, Savannah, GA, United States, 29/7/01.
Singh P, Pederson LR, Simner SP, Stevenson JW, Viswanathan VV. Solid oxide fuel cell power generation systems. In Proceedings of the Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference. Vol. 2. 2001. p. 953-958
Singh, P. ; Pederson, L. R. ; Simner, S. P. ; Stevenson, J. W. ; Viswanathan, V. V. / Solid oxide fuel cell power generation systems. Proceedings of the Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference. Vol. 2 2001. pp. 953-958
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