Soil pollution indices under the effect of sludge

Basem Shomar, Ioannis K. Kalavrouziotis, Prodromos H. Koukoulakis, Alfred Yahya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A pot experiment was conducted in order to study the relationships of soil pollution indices to maize (Zea mays L.) growth characteristics and soil and plant heavy metal content, as well as the metal plant uptake. A completely randomized block design was used, including 11 treatments in three replications. The treatments applied were control (freshwater), four levels of inorganic NPK fertilizer combined with treated municipal wastewater and freshwater and three sludge levels (5, 25 and 50 %, respectively) in the presence of treated wastewater and freshwater, respectively. The mean effect of the applied sludge levels independent of the presence of the freshwater or wastewater contributed to the accumulation of heavy metals Cr, Cu, Zn and Mn in soil and in leaves. The soil pollution indices, i.e., pollution load index (PLI), elemental pollution index (EPI), total concentration factor and heavy metal load, showed that the soil had been polluted with heavy metals to a great extent. The application of sludge treatment affected positively the maize plant height, leaf number and the indices PLI and EPI. All pollution indices studied were positively related to plant leaf number and plant height, as well to heavy metal soil content.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1436
JournalWater, Air, and Soil Pollution
Volume224
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jan 2013

Fingerprint

Soil pollution
soil pollution
Heavy Metals
Heavy metals
Pollution
sludge
Soils
Wastewater
heavy metal
wastewater
pollution
Fertilizers
soil
maize
Metals
effect
index
Experiments

Keywords

  • Heavy metals
  • Plant growth characteristics
  • Soil pollution indices

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pollution
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Ecological Modelling
  • Water Science and Technology

Cite this

Soil pollution indices under the effect of sludge. / Shomar, Basem; Kalavrouziotis, Ioannis K.; Koukoulakis, Prodromos H.; Yahya, Alfred.

In: Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, Vol. 224, No. 2, 1436, 15.01.2013.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Shomar, Basem ; Kalavrouziotis, Ioannis K. ; Koukoulakis, Prodromos H. ; Yahya, Alfred. / Soil pollution indices under the effect of sludge. In: Water, Air, and Soil Pollution. 2013 ; Vol. 224, No. 2.
@article{ec153fd5d35c491187d28c90b616e22c,
title = "Soil pollution indices under the effect of sludge",
abstract = "A pot experiment was conducted in order to study the relationships of soil pollution indices to maize (Zea mays L.) growth characteristics and soil and plant heavy metal content, as well as the metal plant uptake. A completely randomized block design was used, including 11 treatments in three replications. The treatments applied were control (freshwater), four levels of inorganic NPK fertilizer combined with treated municipal wastewater and freshwater and three sludge levels (5, 25 and 50 {\%}, respectively) in the presence of treated wastewater and freshwater, respectively. The mean effect of the applied sludge levels independent of the presence of the freshwater or wastewater contributed to the accumulation of heavy metals Cr, Cu, Zn and Mn in soil and in leaves. The soil pollution indices, i.e., pollution load index (PLI), elemental pollution index (EPI), total concentration factor and heavy metal load, showed that the soil had been polluted with heavy metals to a great extent. The application of sludge treatment affected positively the maize plant height, leaf number and the indices PLI and EPI. All pollution indices studied were positively related to plant leaf number and plant height, as well to heavy metal soil content.",
keywords = "Heavy metals, Plant growth characteristics, Soil pollution indices",
author = "Basem Shomar and Kalavrouziotis, {Ioannis K.} and Koukoulakis, {Prodromos H.} and Alfred Yahya",
year = "2013",
month = "1",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1007/s11270-013-1436-1",
language = "English",
volume = "224",
journal = "Water, Air, and Soil Pollution",
issn = "0049-6979",
publisher = "Springer Netherlands",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Soil pollution indices under the effect of sludge

AU - Shomar, Basem

AU - Kalavrouziotis, Ioannis K.

AU - Koukoulakis, Prodromos H.

AU - Yahya, Alfred

PY - 2013/1/15

Y1 - 2013/1/15

N2 - A pot experiment was conducted in order to study the relationships of soil pollution indices to maize (Zea mays L.) growth characteristics and soil and plant heavy metal content, as well as the metal plant uptake. A completely randomized block design was used, including 11 treatments in three replications. The treatments applied were control (freshwater), four levels of inorganic NPK fertilizer combined with treated municipal wastewater and freshwater and three sludge levels (5, 25 and 50 %, respectively) in the presence of treated wastewater and freshwater, respectively. The mean effect of the applied sludge levels independent of the presence of the freshwater or wastewater contributed to the accumulation of heavy metals Cr, Cu, Zn and Mn in soil and in leaves. The soil pollution indices, i.e., pollution load index (PLI), elemental pollution index (EPI), total concentration factor and heavy metal load, showed that the soil had been polluted with heavy metals to a great extent. The application of sludge treatment affected positively the maize plant height, leaf number and the indices PLI and EPI. All pollution indices studied were positively related to plant leaf number and plant height, as well to heavy metal soil content.

AB - A pot experiment was conducted in order to study the relationships of soil pollution indices to maize (Zea mays L.) growth characteristics and soil and plant heavy metal content, as well as the metal plant uptake. A completely randomized block design was used, including 11 treatments in three replications. The treatments applied were control (freshwater), four levels of inorganic NPK fertilizer combined with treated municipal wastewater and freshwater and three sludge levels (5, 25 and 50 %, respectively) in the presence of treated wastewater and freshwater, respectively. The mean effect of the applied sludge levels independent of the presence of the freshwater or wastewater contributed to the accumulation of heavy metals Cr, Cu, Zn and Mn in soil and in leaves. The soil pollution indices, i.e., pollution load index (PLI), elemental pollution index (EPI), total concentration factor and heavy metal load, showed that the soil had been polluted with heavy metals to a great extent. The application of sludge treatment affected positively the maize plant height, leaf number and the indices PLI and EPI. All pollution indices studied were positively related to plant leaf number and plant height, as well to heavy metal soil content.

KW - Heavy metals

KW - Plant growth characteristics

KW - Soil pollution indices

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84872104082&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84872104082&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s11270-013-1436-1

DO - 10.1007/s11270-013-1436-1

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84872104082

VL - 224

JO - Water, Air, and Soil Pollution

JF - Water, Air, and Soil Pollution

SN - 0049-6979

IS - 2

M1 - 1436

ER -