Sodium insertion in carboxylate based materials and their application in 3.6 v full sodium cells

Ali Abouimrane, Wei Weng, Hussameldin Eltayeb, Yanjie Cui, Jens Niklas, Oleg Poluektov, Khalil Amine

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170 Citations (Scopus)


The sodium battery has the potential to be the next generation rechargeable system which utilizes cheaper and more abundant sodium material but affords nearly the same power as lithium batteries. One of the key barriers for the sodium battery is the lack of stable anode materials which can insert sodium ions reversibly at relatively low potential. This contribution reports the sodium insertion in a series of organic carboxylate based materials: (C 8H 4Na 2O 4), (C 8H 6O 4), (C 8H 5NaO 4), (C 8Na 2F 4O 4), (C 10H 2Na 4O 8), (C 14H 4O 6) and (C 14H 4Na 4O 8) at low voltage (below 0.6 V vs. Na/Na +). These organic anode materials can insert reversibly up to 2 Na per molecule with good cycleability. The Na insertion mechanism was proposed and 3.6 V full sodium batteries were made and cycled reversibly at room temperature and at 55°C.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9632-9638
Number of pages7
JournalEnergy and Environmental Science
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2012
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Pollution
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering

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