Smart water grid

the future water management platform

Seung Won Lee, Sarper Sarp, Dong Jin Jeon, Joon Ha Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Abstract: This study introduces a schematic methodology for smart water grids (SWGs) for use in water management platforms, which integrates information and communication technology (ICT) into a single water management scheme. SWG technology is seen as a promising solution for resolving recent critical global water problems. To ensure the security of water quantity, safety of water quality, and ICT-based water management solutions, SWG technology should integrate five prime research areas: (1) platform configuration in both water and ICT networks, (2) guarantee water resources including both natural and manufactured water, (3) intelligent control of water flow using bi-directional communication in water infrastructure, (4) better management scheme dealing with risk-minimization for assets in the water infrastructure, and (5) energy efficiency in operating and maintaining water infrastructure. Two platforms (i.e. water and ICT platforms) are introduced as examples of well-designed platforms for the management of bi-directional water and data flows in accordance with both the consumer’s water demands and supplier’s water distribution schemes, in both centralized and decentralized water distribution grids. To guarantee water resources, harvesting both natural sources (e.g. river, lake, groundwater, etc.) and manufactured sources (e.g. desalination, reused waters, etc.) is proposed as a top priority. Using the platforms and multiple water resources, the intelligent water grid control plays a key role in satisfying the consumer’s as well as the supplier’s water needs, using self-diagnosing sensors and ICT-based cooperative networks. Improved management in risk-minimization for water infrastructure assets requires the GIS-based information of assets, their historical changes, and their renewal plans according to monitoring/forecasting data, etc. To improve water infrastructure energy efficiency, low energy processes combined with alternative energy sources and smart power grid management are suggested as key cost-saving methods for water production and/or distribution. Thus, integrating the five prime research areas in SWG technology can provide water managers insight into planning water infrastructure and shed light on the roles of the SWGs in future smart cities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)339-346
Number of pages8
JournalDesalination and Water Treatment
Volume55
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jul 2015
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Water management
water management
Water
water
information and communication technology
infrastructure
Communication
Water resources
water resource
energy efficiency
Energy efficiency
Smart power grids
water planning

Keywords

  • Bi-directional water flow
  • Centralized and decentralized water network
  • Intelligent water management
  • Smart water grid
  • Water infrastructure
  • Water-energy nexus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pollution
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Ocean Engineering

Cite this

Smart water grid : the future water management platform. / Lee, Seung Won; Sarp, Sarper; Jeon, Dong Jin; Kim, Joon Ha.

In: Desalination and Water Treatment, Vol. 55, No. 2, 10.07.2015, p. 339-346.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lee, Seung Won ; Sarp, Sarper ; Jeon, Dong Jin ; Kim, Joon Ha. / Smart water grid : the future water management platform. In: Desalination and Water Treatment. 2015 ; Vol. 55, No. 2. pp. 339-346.
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