Small-scale field spill experiments of liquid nitrogen, oxygen and their mixture on concrete surface

Monir Ahammad, Syed Quraishy, Tomasz Olewski, Luc Vechot

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1 Citation (Scopus)


This paper presents the findings of small-scale experiments (5–15 kg) of cryogenic liquid spills on a representative industrial grade diking concrete. Physical properties of the substrate, i.e., the thermal conductivity (k) and heat capacity (Cp) of the concrete were measured in the range of −160 °C to 50 °C using guarded hot plate and differential scanning calorimeter (DSC), respectively. Vaporization rate of liquid nitrogen (LN2), liquid oxygen (LO2) and a mixture of 80% v/v LN2 and 20% v/v LO2, (i.e., liquid air - LAir) were studied on the same concrete. Convective and radiative heat transfers were limited by insulation. The contribution of conductive heat transfer from the concrete substrate for the vaporization of cryogenic liquids was studied. The effect of preferential boiling was observed when the liquid air was spilled.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)112-120
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017



  • Concrete
  • Liquid air
  • Liquid nitrogen
  • Liquid oxygen
  • Preferential boiling
  • Vaporization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Food Science
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Management Science and Operations Research
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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