Sleep Optimization and Diabetes Control: A Review of the Literature

Teresa Arora, Shahrad Taheri

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

10 Citations (Scopus)


Pre-diabetes and diabetes occur secondary to a constellation of pathophysiological abnormalities that culminate in insulin resistance, which results in reduced cellular glucose uptake and increased glucose production. Although pre-diabetes and diabetes have a strong genetic basis, they are largely environmentally driven through lifestyle factors. Traditional lifestyle factors such as diet and physical activity do not fully explain the dramatic rise in the incidence and prevalence of diabetes mellitus. Sleep has emerged as an additional lifestyle behavior, important for metabolic health and energy homeostasis. In this article, we review the current evidence surrounding the sleep-diabetes association.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)425-468
Number of pages44
JournalDiabetes Therapy
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2015


  • Chronotype
  • Circadian misalignment
  • Obesity
  • Sleep duration
  • Sleep quality
  • Type 2 diabetes mellitus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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