Single-spin azimuthal asymmetry in exclusive electroproduction of π + mesons

A. Airapetian, N. Akopov, Z. Akopov, M. Amarian, E. C. Aschenauer, H. Avakian, R. Avakian, A. Avetissian, E. Avetissian, P. Bailey, V. Baturin, C. Baumgarten, M. Beckmann, S. Belostotski, S. Bernreuther, N. Bianchi, H. Böttcher, A. Borissov, O. Bouhali, M. BouwhuisJ. Brack, S. Brauksiepe, A. Brüll, I. Brunn, H. J. Bulten, G. P. Capitani, P. Chumney, E. Cisbani, G. Ciullo, G. R. Court, P. F. Dalpiaz, R. De Leo, L. De Nardo, E. De Sanctis, D. De Schepper, E. Devitsin, P. K.A. de Witt Huberts, P. Di Nezza, M. Düren, M. Ehrenfried, G. Elbakian, F. Ellinghaus, J. Ely, R. Fabbri, A. Fantoni, A. Fechtchenko, L. Felawka, B. W. Filippone, H. Fischer, B. Fox, J. Franz, S. Frullani, Y. Gärber, F. Garibaldi, E. Garutti, G. Gavrilov, V. Gharibyan, G. Graw, O. Grebeniouk, P. W. Green, L. G. Greeniaus, A. Gute, W. Haeberli, K. Hafidi, M. Hartig, D. Hasch, D. Heesbeen, F. H. Heinsius, M. Henoch, R. Hertenberger, W. H.A. Hesselink, G. Hofman, Y. Holler, R. J. Holt, B. Hommez, G. Iarygin, A. Izotov, H. E. Jackson, A. Jgoun, P. Jung, R. Kaiser, A. Kisselev, P. Kitching, K. Königsmann, H. Kolster, V. Korotkov, E. Kotik, V. Kozlov, B. Krauss, V. G. Krivokhijine, G. Kyle, L. Lagamba, A. Laziev, P. Lenisa, P. Liebing, T. Lindemann, W. Lorenzon, A. Maas, N. C.R. Makins, H. Marukyan, F. Masoli, K. McIlhany, F. Meissner, F. Menden, V. Mexner, N. Meyners, O. Mikloukho, R. Milner, V. Muccifora, A. Nagaitsev, E. Nappi, Y. Naryshkin, A. Nass, K. Negodaeva, W. D. Nowak, K. Oganessyan, T. G. O'Neill, B. R. Owen, S. F. Pate, S. Podiatchev, S. Potashov, D. H. Potterveld, M. Raithel, G. Rakness, V. Rappoport, R. Redwine, D. Reggiani, P. Reimer, A. R. Reolon, K. Rith, D. Robinson, A. Rostomyan, D. Ryckbosch, Y. Sakemi, I. Sanjiev, F. Sato, I. Savin, C. Scarlett, A. Schäfer, C. Schill, F. Schmidt, G. Schnell, K. P. Schüler, A. Schwind, J. Seibert, B. Seitz, T. A. Shibata, V. Shutov, M. C. Simani, A. Simon, K. Sinram, E. Steffens, J. J.M. Steijger, J. Stewart, U. Stösslein, K. Suetsugu, S. Taroian, A. Terkulov, S. Tessarin, E. Thomas, B. Tipton, M. Tytgat, G. M. Urciuoli, J. F.J. van den Brand, G. van der Steenhoven, R. van de Vyver, M. C. Vetterli, V. Vikhrov, M. G. Vincter, J. Visser, J. Volmer, C. Weiskopf, J. Wendland, J. Wilbert, T. Wise, S. Yen, S. Yoneyama, H. Zohrabian

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Abstract

A single-spin asymmetry in the distribution of exclusively produced π + mesons azimuthally around the virtual photon direction relative to the lepton scattering plane has been measured for the first time in deep-inelastic scattering of positrons off longitudinally polarized protons. Integrated over the experimental acceptance, the sin moment of the polarization asymmetry of the cross section is measured to be -0.18 ± 0.05(stat.) ± 0.02(syst.). The asymmetry is also studied as a function of the relevant kinematic variables, and its magnitude is found to grow with decreasing x and increasing -t and vanish at t → t min (where x is the Bjorken scaling variable and t is the squared four-momentum transferred to the nucleon).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)85-92
Number of pages8
JournalPhysics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics
Volume535
Issue number1-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 May 2002

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Cite this

Airapetian, A., Akopov, N., Akopov, Z., Amarian, M., Aschenauer, E. C., Avakian, H., Avakian, R., Avetissian, A., Avetissian, E., Bailey, P., Baturin, V., Baumgarten, C., Beckmann, M., Belostotski, S., Bernreuther, S., Bianchi, N., Böttcher, H., Borissov, A., Bouhali, O., ... Zohrabian, H. (2002). Single-spin azimuthal asymmetry in exclusive electroproduction of π + mesons. Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics, 535(1-4), 85-92. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0370-2693(02)01780-X