Single-crystal-like nanoporous spinel oxides: A strategy for synthesis of nanoporous metal oxides utilizing metal-cyanide hybrid coordination polymers

Mohamed B. Zakaria, Ming Hu, Masataka Imura, Rahul R. Salunkhe, Naoto Umezawa, Hicham Hamoudi, Alexei A. Belik, Yusuke Yamauchi

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24 Citations (Scopus)


Development of a new method to synthesize nanoporous metal oxides with highly crystallized frameworks is of great interest because of their wide use in practical applications. Here we demonstrate a thermal decomposition of metal-cyanide hybrid coordination polymers (CPs) to prepare nanoporous metal oxides. During the thermal treatment, the organic units (carbon and nitrogen) are completely removed, and only metal contents are retained to prepare nanoporous metal oxides. The original nanocube shapes are well-retained even after the thermal treatment. When both Fe and Co atoms are contained in the precursors, nanoporous Fe-Co oxide with a highly oriented crystalline framework is obtained. On the other hand, when nanoporous Co oxide and Fe oxide are obtained from Co- and Fecontacting precursors, their frameworks are amorphous and/or poorly crystallized. Single-crystal-like nanoporous Fe-Co oxide shows a stable magnetic property at room temperature compared to poly-crystalline metal oxides. We further extend this concept to prepare nanoporous metal oxides with hollow interiors. Core-shell heterostructures consisting of different metal-cyanide hybrid CPs are prepared first. Then the cores are dissolved by chemical etching using a hydrochloric acid solution (i.e., the cores are used as sacrificial templates), leading to the formation of hollow interiors in the nanocubes. These hollow nanocubes are also successfully converted to nanoporous metal oxides with hollow interiors by thermal treatment. The present approach is entirely different from the surfactant-templating approaches that traditionally have been utilized for the preparation of mesoporous metal oxides. We believe the present work proves a new way to synthesize nanoporous metal oxides with controlled crystalline frameworks and architectures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17375-17384
Number of pages10
JournalChemistry - A European Journal
Issue number52
Publication statusPublished - 22 Dec 2014
Externally publishedYes



  • Coordination compounds
  • Mesoporous materials
  • Metal oxides
  • Nanoporous material
  • Polymers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

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