Silica and carbon decorated silica nanosheet impact on primary human immune cells

Rola Mohammad Al Soubaihi, Giulia Furesi, Khaled Saoud, Shaheen A. Al-Muhtaseb, Ahmed El Khatat, Lucia Gemma Delogu, Joydeep Dutta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Silica nanosheets (SiO2 NS) are considered to be a promising material in clinical practice for diagnosis and therapy applications. However, an appropriate surface functionalization is essential to guarantee high biocompatibility and molecule loading ability. Although SiO2 NS are chemically stable, its effects on immune systems are still being explored. In this work, we successfully synthesized a novel 2D multilayer SiO2 NS and SiO2 NS coated with carbon (C/SiO2 NS), and evaluated their impact on human Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells (PBMCs) and some immune cell subpopulations. We demonstrated that the immune response is strongly dependent on the surface functionalities of the SiO2 NS. Ex vivo experiments showed an increase in biocompatibility of C/SiO2 NS compared to SiO2 NS, resulting in a lowering of hemoglobin release together with a reduction in cellular toxicity and cellular activation. However, none of them are directly involved in the activation of the acute inflammation process with a consequent release of pro-inflammatory cytokines. The obtained results provide an important direction towards the biomedical applications of silica nanosheets, rendering them an attractive material for the development of future immunological therapies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)779-789
Number of pages11
JournalColloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2018



  • 2D materials
  • Apoptosis assay
  • Bio compatibility
  • Carbon coated SiO
  • Cell toxicity
  • Cell viability
  • Characterization
  • Hemolysis tests
  • Immune cell
  • Layered silica
  • Nano-sheets
  • Secretion assay
  • Silica
  • Synthesis
  • Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

Cite this

Al Soubaihi, R. M., Furesi, G., Saoud, K., Al-Muhtaseb, S. A., Khatat, A. E., Delogu, L. G., & Dutta, J. (2018). Silica and carbon decorated silica nanosheet impact on primary human immune cells. Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, 172, 779-789.