Side Population cells isolated from different tissues share transcriptome signatures and express tissue-specific markers

K. Liadaki, A. T. Kho, D. Sanoudou, J. Schienda, A. Flint, A. H. Beggs, I. S. Kohane, L. M. Kunkel

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    Abstract

    Side Population (SP) cells, isolated from murine adult bone marrow (BM) based on the exclusion of the DNA dye Hoechst 33342, exhibit potent hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) activity when compared to Main Population (MP) cells. Furthermore, SP cells derived from murine skeletal muscle exhibit both hematopoietic and myogenic potential in vivo. The multipotential capacity of SP cells isolated from variable tissues is supported by an increasing number of studies. To investigate whether the SP phenotype is associated with a unique transcriptional profile, we characterized gene expression of SP cells isolated from two biologically distinct tissues, bone marrow and muscle. Comparison of SP cells with differentiated MP cells within a tissue revealed that SP cells are in an active transcriptional and translational status and underexpress genes reflecting tissue-specific functions. Direct comparison of gene expression of SP cells isolated from different tissues identified genes common to SP cells as well as genes specific to SP cells within a particular tissue and further define a muscle and bone marrow environment. This study reports gene expression of muscle SP cells, common features and differences between SP cells isolated from muscle and bone marrow, and further identifies common signaling pathways that might regulate SP cell functions.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)360-374
    Number of pages15
    JournalExperimental Cell Research
    Volume303
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2005

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    Keywords

    • Bone marrow
    • Main Population cells
    • Side Population cells
    • Skeletal muscle

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Cell Biology

    Cite this

    Liadaki, K., Kho, A. T., Sanoudou, D., Schienda, J., Flint, A., Beggs, A. H., Kohane, I. S., & Kunkel, L. M. (2005). Side Population cells isolated from different tissues share transcriptome signatures and express tissue-specific markers. Experimental Cell Research, 303(2), 360-374. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.yexcr.2004.10.011