Ser129 phosphorylation of endogenous α-synuclein induced by overexpression of polo-like kinases 2 and 3 in nigral dopamine neurons is not detrimental to their survival and function

Kerstin Buck, Natalie Landeck, Ayse Ulusoy, Nour Majbour, Omar Ali El-Agnaf, Deniz Kirik

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5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Phosphorylation of the α-synuclein (α-syn) protein at Ser129 [P(S129)-α-syn] was found to be the most abundant form in intracellular inclusions in brains from Parkinson's disease (PD) patients. This finding suggests that P(S129)-α-syn plays a central role in the pathogenesis of PD. However, it is at present unclear whether P(S129)-α-syn is pathogenic driving the neurodegenerative process. Rodent studies using neither the phosphomimics of human α-syn nor co-expression of human wild-type α-syn and kinases phosphorylating α-syn at Ser129 gave consistent results. One major concern in interpreting these findings is that human α-syn was expressed above physiological levels inducing neurodegeneration in rat nigral neurons. In order to exclude this confounding factor, we took a different approach and increased the phosphorylation level of endogenous α-syn. For this purpose, we took advantage of recombinant adeno-associated viral (rAAV) vectors to deliver polo-like kinase (PLK) 2 or PLK3 in the substantia nigra and investigated whether increased levels of P(S129)-α-syn compromised the function and survival of nigral dopaminergic neurons. Interestingly, we observed that hyperphosphorylated α-syn did not induce nigral dopaminergic cell death, as assessed at 1 and 4. months. Furthermore, histological analysis did not show any accumulation of α-syn protein or formation of inclusions. Using in vivo microdialysis, we found that the only measurable functional alteration was the depolarisation-induced release of dopamine, while the in vivo synthesis rate of DOPA and dopamine baseline release remained unaltered. Taken together, our results suggest that phosphorylation of α-syn at Ser129 does not confer a toxic gain of function per se.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)100-114
Number of pages15
JournalNeurobiology of Disease
Volume78
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2015
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Synucleins
Dopaminergic Neurons
Substantia Nigra
Phosphotransferases
Phosphorylation
Survival
Parkinson Disease
Dopamine
Poisons
Microdialysis
Brain Diseases
Rodentia
Proteins
Cell Death
Neurons

Keywords

  • Adeno-associated vector
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Phosphorylation
  • Polo-like kinase
  • α-Synuclein

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology

Cite this

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title = "Ser129 phosphorylation of endogenous α-synuclein induced by overexpression of polo-like kinases 2 and 3 in nigral dopamine neurons is not detrimental to their survival and function",
abstract = "Phosphorylation of the α-synuclein (α-syn) protein at Ser129 [P(S129)-α-syn] was found to be the most abundant form in intracellular inclusions in brains from Parkinson's disease (PD) patients. This finding suggests that P(S129)-α-syn plays a central role in the pathogenesis of PD. However, it is at present unclear whether P(S129)-α-syn is pathogenic driving the neurodegenerative process. Rodent studies using neither the phosphomimics of human α-syn nor co-expression of human wild-type α-syn and kinases phosphorylating α-syn at Ser129 gave consistent results. One major concern in interpreting these findings is that human α-syn was expressed above physiological levels inducing neurodegeneration in rat nigral neurons. In order to exclude this confounding factor, we took a different approach and increased the phosphorylation level of endogenous α-syn. For this purpose, we took advantage of recombinant adeno-associated viral (rAAV) vectors to deliver polo-like kinase (PLK) 2 or PLK3 in the substantia nigra and investigated whether increased levels of P(S129)-α-syn compromised the function and survival of nigral dopaminergic neurons. Interestingly, we observed that hyperphosphorylated α-syn did not induce nigral dopaminergic cell death, as assessed at 1 and 4. months. Furthermore, histological analysis did not show any accumulation of α-syn protein or formation of inclusions. Using in vivo microdialysis, we found that the only measurable functional alteration was the depolarisation-induced release of dopamine, while the in vivo synthesis rate of DOPA and dopamine baseline release remained unaltered. Taken together, our results suggest that phosphorylation of α-syn at Ser129 does not confer a toxic gain of function per se.",
keywords = "Adeno-associated vector, Parkinson's disease, Phosphorylation, Polo-like kinase, α-Synuclein",
author = "Kerstin Buck and Natalie Landeck and Ayse Ulusoy and Nour Majbour and {Ali El-Agnaf}, Omar and Deniz Kirik",
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T1 - Ser129 phosphorylation of endogenous α-synuclein induced by overexpression of polo-like kinases 2 and 3 in nigral dopamine neurons is not detrimental to their survival and function

AU - Buck, Kerstin

AU - Landeck, Natalie

AU - Ulusoy, Ayse

AU - Majbour, Nour

AU - Ali El-Agnaf, Omar

AU - Kirik, Deniz

PY - 2015/6/1

Y1 - 2015/6/1

N2 - Phosphorylation of the α-synuclein (α-syn) protein at Ser129 [P(S129)-α-syn] was found to be the most abundant form in intracellular inclusions in brains from Parkinson's disease (PD) patients. This finding suggests that P(S129)-α-syn plays a central role in the pathogenesis of PD. However, it is at present unclear whether P(S129)-α-syn is pathogenic driving the neurodegenerative process. Rodent studies using neither the phosphomimics of human α-syn nor co-expression of human wild-type α-syn and kinases phosphorylating α-syn at Ser129 gave consistent results. One major concern in interpreting these findings is that human α-syn was expressed above physiological levels inducing neurodegeneration in rat nigral neurons. In order to exclude this confounding factor, we took a different approach and increased the phosphorylation level of endogenous α-syn. For this purpose, we took advantage of recombinant adeno-associated viral (rAAV) vectors to deliver polo-like kinase (PLK) 2 or PLK3 in the substantia nigra and investigated whether increased levels of P(S129)-α-syn compromised the function and survival of nigral dopaminergic neurons. Interestingly, we observed that hyperphosphorylated α-syn did not induce nigral dopaminergic cell death, as assessed at 1 and 4. months. Furthermore, histological analysis did not show any accumulation of α-syn protein or formation of inclusions. Using in vivo microdialysis, we found that the only measurable functional alteration was the depolarisation-induced release of dopamine, while the in vivo synthesis rate of DOPA and dopamine baseline release remained unaltered. Taken together, our results suggest that phosphorylation of α-syn at Ser129 does not confer a toxic gain of function per se.

AB - Phosphorylation of the α-synuclein (α-syn) protein at Ser129 [P(S129)-α-syn] was found to be the most abundant form in intracellular inclusions in brains from Parkinson's disease (PD) patients. This finding suggests that P(S129)-α-syn plays a central role in the pathogenesis of PD. However, it is at present unclear whether P(S129)-α-syn is pathogenic driving the neurodegenerative process. Rodent studies using neither the phosphomimics of human α-syn nor co-expression of human wild-type α-syn and kinases phosphorylating α-syn at Ser129 gave consistent results. One major concern in interpreting these findings is that human α-syn was expressed above physiological levels inducing neurodegeneration in rat nigral neurons. In order to exclude this confounding factor, we took a different approach and increased the phosphorylation level of endogenous α-syn. For this purpose, we took advantage of recombinant adeno-associated viral (rAAV) vectors to deliver polo-like kinase (PLK) 2 or PLK3 in the substantia nigra and investigated whether increased levels of P(S129)-α-syn compromised the function and survival of nigral dopaminergic neurons. Interestingly, we observed that hyperphosphorylated α-syn did not induce nigral dopaminergic cell death, as assessed at 1 and 4. months. Furthermore, histological analysis did not show any accumulation of α-syn protein or formation of inclusions. Using in vivo microdialysis, we found that the only measurable functional alteration was the depolarisation-induced release of dopamine, while the in vivo synthesis rate of DOPA and dopamine baseline release remained unaltered. Taken together, our results suggest that phosphorylation of α-syn at Ser129 does not confer a toxic gain of function per se.

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