Sensitivity of the IceCube detector to astrophysical sources of high energy muon neutrinos

J. Ahrens, J. N. Bahcall, X. Bai, R. C. Bay, T. Becka, K. H. Becker, D. Berley, E. Bernardini, D. Bertrand, D. Z. Besson, A. Biron, E. Blaufuss, D. J. Boersma, S. Böser, C. Bohm, O. Botner, A. Bouchta, Othmane Bouhali, T. Burgess, W. Carithers & 114 others T. Castermans, J. Cavin, W. Chinowsky, D. Chirkin, B. Collin, J. Conrad, J. Cooley, D. F. Cowen, A. Davour, C. de Clercq, T. DeYoung, P. Desiati, R. Ehrlich, R. W. Ellsworth, P. A. Evenson, A. R. Fazely, T. Feser, T. K. Gaisser, J. Gallagher, R. Ganugapati, H. Geenen, A. Goldschmidt, J. A. Goodman, R. M. Gunasingha, A. Hallgren, F. Halzen, K. Hanson, R. Hardtke, T. Hauschildt, D. Hays, K. Helbing, M. Hellwig, P. Herquet, G. C. Hill, D. Hubert, B. Hughey, P. O. Hulth, K. Hultqvist, S. Hundertmark, J. Jacobsen, G. S. Japaridze, A. Jones, A. Karle, H. Kawai, M. Kestel, N. Kitamura, R. Koch, L. Köpke, M. Kowalski, J. I. Lamoureux, H. Leich, M. Leuthold, I. Liubarsky, J. Madsen, H. S. Matis, C. P. McParland, T. Messarius, P. Mészáros, Y. Minaeva, R. H. Minor, P. Miočinović, H. Miyamoto, R. Morse, R. Nahnhauer, T. Neunhöffer, P. Niessen, D. R. Nygren, H. Ögelman, P. Olbrechts, S. Patton, R. Paulos, C. Pérez de los Heros, A. C. Pohl, J. Pretz, P. B. Price, G. T. Przybylski, K. Rawlins, S. Razzaque, E. Resconi, W. Rhode, M. Ribordy, S. Richter, H. G. Sander, K. Schinarakis, S. Schlenstedt, T. Schmidt, D. Schneider, R. Schwarz, D. Seckel, A. J. Smith, M. Solarz, G. M. Spiczak, C. Spiering, M. Stamatikos, T. Stanev, D. Steele, P. Steffen, T. Stezelberger, R. G. Stokstad, K. H. Sulanke, G. W. Sullivan, T. J. Sumner, I. Taboada, S. Tilav, N. van Eijndhoven, W. Wagner, C. Walck, R. R. Wang, C. H. Wiebusch, C. Wiedemann, R. Wischnewski, H. Wissing, K. Woschnagg, S. Yoshida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

381 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present results of a Monte Carlo study of the sensitivity of the planned IceCube detector to predicted fluxes of muon neutrinos at TeV to PeV energies. A complete simulation of the detector and data analysis is used to study the detector's capability to search for muon neutrinos from potential sources such as active galaxies and gamma-ray bursts (GRBs). We study the effective area and the angular resolution of the detector as a function of muon energy and angle of incidence. We present detailed calculations of the sensitivity of the detector to both diffuse and pointlike neutrino fluxes, including an assessment of the sensitivity to neutrinos detected in coincidence with GRB observations. After three years of data taking, IceCube will be able to detect a point-source flux of Eν 2× dNν/dEν=7×10-9 cm-2s-1 GeV at a 5σ significance, or, in the absence of a signal, place a 90% c.l. limit at a level of Eν 2×dNν/dEν= 2×10-9 cm-2 s-1 GeV. A diffuse E-2 flux would be detectable at a minimum strength of Eν 2×dNν/dEν =10-8 cm-2-1 sr-1 GeV. A GRB model following the formulation of Waxman and Bahcall would result in a 5σ effect after the observation of 200 bursts in coincidence with satellite observations of the gamma rays.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)507-532
Number of pages26
JournalAstroparticle Physics
Volume20
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2004
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

muons
astrophysics
neutrinos
gamma ray bursts
sensitivity
detectors
energy
active galaxies
satellite observation
angular resolution
point sources
bursts
incidence
gamma rays
formulations
simulation

Keywords

  • IceCube
  • Neutrino astronomy
  • Neutrino telescope

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

Cite this

Ahrens, J., Bahcall, J. N., Bai, X., Bay, R. C., Becka, T., Becker, K. H., ... Yoshida, S. (2004). Sensitivity of the IceCube detector to astrophysical sources of high energy muon neutrinos. Astroparticle Physics, 20(5), 507-532. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.astropartphys.2003.09.003

Sensitivity of the IceCube detector to astrophysical sources of high energy muon neutrinos. / Ahrens, J.; Bahcall, J. N.; Bai, X.; Bay, R. C.; Becka, T.; Becker, K. H.; Berley, D.; Bernardini, E.; Bertrand, D.; Besson, D. Z.; Biron, A.; Blaufuss, E.; Boersma, D. J.; Böser, S.; Bohm, C.; Botner, O.; Bouchta, A.; Bouhali, Othmane; Burgess, T.; Carithers, W.; Castermans, T.; Cavin, J.; Chinowsky, W.; Chirkin, D.; Collin, B.; Conrad, J.; Cooley, J.; Cowen, D. F.; Davour, A.; de Clercq, C.; DeYoung, T.; Desiati, P.; Ehrlich, R.; Ellsworth, R. W.; Evenson, P. A.; Fazely, A. R.; Feser, T.; Gaisser, T. K.; Gallagher, J.; Ganugapati, R.; Geenen, H.; Goldschmidt, A.; Goodman, J. A.; Gunasingha, R. M.; Hallgren, A.; Halzen, F.; Hanson, K.; Hardtke, R.; Hauschildt, T.; Hays, D.; Helbing, K.; Hellwig, M.; Herquet, P.; Hill, G. C.; Hubert, D.; Hughey, B.; Hulth, P. O.; Hultqvist, K.; Hundertmark, S.; Jacobsen, J.; Japaridze, G. S.; Jones, A.; Karle, A.; Kawai, H.; Kestel, M.; Kitamura, N.; Koch, R.; Köpke, L.; Kowalski, M.; Lamoureux, J. I.; Leich, H.; Leuthold, M.; Liubarsky, I.; Madsen, J.; Matis, H. S.; McParland, C. P.; Messarius, T.; Mészáros, P.; Minaeva, Y.; Minor, R. H.; Miočinović, P.; Miyamoto, H.; Morse, R.; Nahnhauer, R.; Neunhöffer, T.; Niessen, P.; Nygren, D. R.; Ögelman, H.; Olbrechts, P.; Patton, S.; Paulos, R.; Pérez de los Heros, C.; Pohl, A. C.; Pretz, J.; Price, P. B.; Przybylski, G. T.; Rawlins, K.; Razzaque, S.; Resconi, E.; Rhode, W.; Ribordy, M.; Richter, S.; Sander, H. G.; Schinarakis, K.; Schlenstedt, S.; Schmidt, T.; Schneider, D.; Schwarz, R.; Seckel, D.; Smith, A. J.; Solarz, M.; Spiczak, G. M.; Spiering, C.; Stamatikos, M.; Stanev, T.; Steele, D.; Steffen, P.; Stezelberger, T.; Stokstad, R. G.; Sulanke, K. H.; Sullivan, G. W.; Sumner, T. J.; Taboada, I.; Tilav, S.; van Eijndhoven, N.; Wagner, W.; Walck, C.; Wang, R. R.; Wiebusch, C. H.; Wiedemann, C.; Wischnewski, R.; Wissing, H.; Woschnagg, K.; Yoshida, S.

In: Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 20, No. 5, 01.02.2004, p. 507-532.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ahrens, J, Bahcall, JN, Bai, X, Bay, RC, Becka, T, Becker, KH, Berley, D, Bernardini, E, Bertrand, D, Besson, DZ, Biron, A, Blaufuss, E, Boersma, DJ, Böser, S, Bohm, C, Botner, O, Bouchta, A, Bouhali, O, Burgess, T, Carithers, W, Castermans, T, Cavin, J, Chinowsky, W, Chirkin, D, Collin, B, Conrad, J, Cooley, J, Cowen, DF, Davour, A, de Clercq, C, DeYoung, T, Desiati, P, Ehrlich, R, Ellsworth, RW, Evenson, PA, Fazely, AR, Feser, T, Gaisser, TK, Gallagher, J, Ganugapati, R, Geenen, H, Goldschmidt, A, Goodman, JA, Gunasingha, RM, Hallgren, A, Halzen, F, Hanson, K, Hardtke, R, Hauschildt, T, Hays, D, Helbing, K, Hellwig, M, Herquet, P, Hill, GC, Hubert, D, Hughey, B, Hulth, PO, Hultqvist, K, Hundertmark, S, Jacobsen, J, Japaridze, GS, Jones, A, Karle, A, Kawai, H, Kestel, M, Kitamura, N, Koch, R, Köpke, L, Kowalski, M, Lamoureux, JI, Leich, H, Leuthold, M, Liubarsky, I, Madsen, J, Matis, HS, McParland, CP, Messarius, T, Mészáros, P, Minaeva, Y, Minor, RH, Miočinović, P, Miyamoto, H, Morse, R, Nahnhauer, R, Neunhöffer, T, Niessen, P, Nygren, DR, Ögelman, H, Olbrechts, P, Patton, S, Paulos, R, Pérez de los Heros, C, Pohl, AC, Pretz, J, Price, PB, Przybylski, GT, Rawlins, K, Razzaque, S, Resconi, E, Rhode, W, Ribordy, M, Richter, S, Sander, HG, Schinarakis, K, Schlenstedt, S, Schmidt, T, Schneider, D, Schwarz, R, Seckel, D, Smith, AJ, Solarz, M, Spiczak, GM, Spiering, C, Stamatikos, M, Stanev, T, Steele, D, Steffen, P, Stezelberger, T, Stokstad, RG, Sulanke, KH, Sullivan, GW, Sumner, TJ, Taboada, I, Tilav, S, van Eijndhoven, N, Wagner, W, Walck, C, Wang, RR, Wiebusch, CH, Wiedemann, C, Wischnewski, R, Wissing, H, Woschnagg, K & Yoshida, S 2004, 'Sensitivity of the IceCube detector to astrophysical sources of high energy muon neutrinos', Astroparticle Physics, vol. 20, no. 5, pp. 507-532. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.astropartphys.2003.09.003
Ahrens, J. ; Bahcall, J. N. ; Bai, X. ; Bay, R. C. ; Becka, T. ; Becker, K. H. ; Berley, D. ; Bernardini, E. ; Bertrand, D. ; Besson, D. Z. ; Biron, A. ; Blaufuss, E. ; Boersma, D. J. ; Böser, S. ; Bohm, C. ; Botner, O. ; Bouchta, A. ; Bouhali, Othmane ; Burgess, T. ; Carithers, W. ; Castermans, T. ; Cavin, J. ; Chinowsky, W. ; Chirkin, D. ; Collin, B. ; Conrad, J. ; Cooley, J. ; Cowen, D. F. ; Davour, A. ; de Clercq, C. ; DeYoung, T. ; Desiati, P. ; Ehrlich, R. ; Ellsworth, R. W. ; Evenson, P. A. ; Fazely, A. R. ; Feser, T. ; Gaisser, T. K. ; Gallagher, J. ; Ganugapati, R. ; Geenen, H. ; Goldschmidt, A. ; Goodman, J. A. ; Gunasingha, R. M. ; Hallgren, A. ; Halzen, F. ; Hanson, K. ; Hardtke, R. ; Hauschildt, T. ; Hays, D. ; Helbing, K. ; Hellwig, M. ; Herquet, P. ; Hill, G. C. ; Hubert, D. ; Hughey, B. ; Hulth, P. O. ; Hultqvist, K. ; Hundertmark, S. ; Jacobsen, J. ; Japaridze, G. S. ; Jones, A. ; Karle, A. ; Kawai, H. ; Kestel, M. ; Kitamura, N. ; Koch, R. ; Köpke, L. ; Kowalski, M. ; Lamoureux, J. I. ; Leich, H. ; Leuthold, M. ; Liubarsky, I. ; Madsen, J. ; Matis, H. S. ; McParland, C. P. ; Messarius, T. ; Mészáros, P. ; Minaeva, Y. ; Minor, R. H. ; Miočinović, P. ; Miyamoto, H. ; Morse, R. ; Nahnhauer, R. ; Neunhöffer, T. ; Niessen, P. ; Nygren, D. R. ; Ögelman, H. ; Olbrechts, P. ; Patton, S. ; Paulos, R. ; Pérez de los Heros, C. ; Pohl, A. C. ; Pretz, J. ; Price, P. B. ; Przybylski, G. T. ; Rawlins, K. ; Razzaque, S. ; Resconi, E. ; Rhode, W. ; Ribordy, M. ; Richter, S. ; Sander, H. G. ; Schinarakis, K. ; Schlenstedt, S. ; Schmidt, T. ; Schneider, D. ; Schwarz, R. ; Seckel, D. ; Smith, A. J. ; Solarz, M. ; Spiczak, G. M. ; Spiering, C. ; Stamatikos, M. ; Stanev, T. ; Steele, D. ; Steffen, P. ; Stezelberger, T. ; Stokstad, R. G. ; Sulanke, K. H. ; Sullivan, G. W. ; Sumner, T. J. ; Taboada, I. ; Tilav, S. ; van Eijndhoven, N. ; Wagner, W. ; Walck, C. ; Wang, R. R. ; Wiebusch, C. H. ; Wiedemann, C. ; Wischnewski, R. ; Wissing, H. ; Woschnagg, K. ; Yoshida, S. / Sensitivity of the IceCube detector to astrophysical sources of high energy muon neutrinos. In: Astroparticle Physics. 2004 ; Vol. 20, No. 5. pp. 507-532.
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abstract = "We present results of a Monte Carlo study of the sensitivity of the planned IceCube detector to predicted fluxes of muon neutrinos at TeV to PeV energies. A complete simulation of the detector and data analysis is used to study the detector's capability to search for muon neutrinos from potential sources such as active galaxies and gamma-ray bursts (GRBs). We study the effective area and the angular resolution of the detector as a function of muon energy and angle of incidence. We present detailed calculations of the sensitivity of the detector to both diffuse and pointlike neutrino fluxes, including an assessment of the sensitivity to neutrinos detected in coincidence with GRB observations. After three years of data taking, IceCube will be able to detect a point-source flux of Eν 2× dNν/dEν=7×10-9 cm-2s-1 GeV at a 5σ significance, or, in the absence of a signal, place a 90{\%} c.l. limit at a level of Eν 2×dNν/dEν= 2×10-9 cm-2 s-1 GeV. A diffuse E-2 flux would be detectable at a minimum strength of Eν 2×dNν/dEν =10-8 cm-2-1 sr-1 GeV. A GRB model following the formulation of Waxman and Bahcall would result in a 5σ effect after the observation of 200 bursts in coincidence with satellite observations of the gamma rays.",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Sensitivity of the IceCube detector to astrophysical sources of high energy muon neutrinos

AU - Ahrens, J.

AU - Bahcall, J. N.

AU - Bai, X.

AU - Bay, R. C.

AU - Becka, T.

AU - Becker, K. H.

AU - Berley, D.

AU - Bernardini, E.

AU - Bertrand, D.

AU - Besson, D. Z.

AU - Biron, A.

AU - Blaufuss, E.

AU - Boersma, D. J.

AU - Böser, S.

AU - Bohm, C.

AU - Botner, O.

AU - Bouchta, A.

AU - Bouhali, Othmane

AU - Burgess, T.

AU - Carithers, W.

AU - Castermans, T.

AU - Cavin, J.

AU - Chinowsky, W.

AU - Chirkin, D.

AU - Collin, B.

AU - Conrad, J.

AU - Cooley, J.

AU - Cowen, D. F.

AU - Davour, A.

AU - de Clercq, C.

AU - DeYoung, T.

AU - Desiati, P.

AU - Ehrlich, R.

AU - Ellsworth, R. W.

AU - Evenson, P. A.

AU - Fazely, A. R.

AU - Feser, T.

AU - Gaisser, T. K.

AU - Gallagher, J.

AU - Ganugapati, R.

AU - Geenen, H.

AU - Goldschmidt, A.

AU - Goodman, J. A.

AU - Gunasingha, R. M.

AU - Hallgren, A.

AU - Halzen, F.

AU - Hanson, K.

AU - Hardtke, R.

AU - Hauschildt, T.

AU - Hays, D.

AU - Helbing, K.

AU - Hellwig, M.

AU - Herquet, P.

AU - Hill, G. C.

AU - Hubert, D.

AU - Hughey, B.

AU - Hulth, P. O.

AU - Hultqvist, K.

AU - Hundertmark, S.

AU - Jacobsen, J.

AU - Japaridze, G. S.

AU - Jones, A.

AU - Karle, A.

AU - Kawai, H.

AU - Kestel, M.

AU - Kitamura, N.

AU - Koch, R.

AU - Köpke, L.

AU - Kowalski, M.

AU - Lamoureux, J. I.

AU - Leich, H.

AU - Leuthold, M.

AU - Liubarsky, I.

AU - Madsen, J.

AU - Matis, H. S.

AU - McParland, C. P.

AU - Messarius, T.

AU - Mészáros, P.

AU - Minaeva, Y.

AU - Minor, R. H.

AU - Miočinović, P.

AU - Miyamoto, H.

AU - Morse, R.

AU - Nahnhauer, R.

AU - Neunhöffer, T.

AU - Niessen, P.

AU - Nygren, D. R.

AU - Ögelman, H.

AU - Olbrechts, P.

AU - Patton, S.

AU - Paulos, R.

AU - Pérez de los Heros, C.

AU - Pohl, A. C.

AU - Pretz, J.

AU - Price, P. B.

AU - Przybylski, G. T.

AU - Rawlins, K.

AU - Razzaque, S.

AU - Resconi, E.

AU - Rhode, W.

AU - Ribordy, M.

AU - Richter, S.

AU - Sander, H. G.

AU - Schinarakis, K.

AU - Schlenstedt, S.

AU - Schmidt, T.

AU - Schneider, D.

AU - Schwarz, R.

AU - Seckel, D.

AU - Smith, A. J.

AU - Solarz, M.

AU - Spiczak, G. M.

AU - Spiering, C.

AU - Stamatikos, M.

AU - Stanev, T.

AU - Steele, D.

AU - Steffen, P.

AU - Stezelberger, T.

AU - Stokstad, R. G.

AU - Sulanke, K. H.

AU - Sullivan, G. W.

AU - Sumner, T. J.

AU - Taboada, I.

AU - Tilav, S.

AU - van Eijndhoven, N.

AU - Wagner, W.

AU - Walck, C.

AU - Wang, R. R.

AU - Wiebusch, C. H.

AU - Wiedemann, C.

AU - Wischnewski, R.

AU - Wissing, H.

AU - Woschnagg, K.

AU - Yoshida, S.

PY - 2004/2/1

Y1 - 2004/2/1

N2 - We present results of a Monte Carlo study of the sensitivity of the planned IceCube detector to predicted fluxes of muon neutrinos at TeV to PeV energies. A complete simulation of the detector and data analysis is used to study the detector's capability to search for muon neutrinos from potential sources such as active galaxies and gamma-ray bursts (GRBs). We study the effective area and the angular resolution of the detector as a function of muon energy and angle of incidence. We present detailed calculations of the sensitivity of the detector to both diffuse and pointlike neutrino fluxes, including an assessment of the sensitivity to neutrinos detected in coincidence with GRB observations. After three years of data taking, IceCube will be able to detect a point-source flux of Eν 2× dNν/dEν=7×10-9 cm-2s-1 GeV at a 5σ significance, or, in the absence of a signal, place a 90% c.l. limit at a level of Eν 2×dNν/dEν= 2×10-9 cm-2 s-1 GeV. A diffuse E-2 flux would be detectable at a minimum strength of Eν 2×dNν/dEν =10-8 cm-2-1 sr-1 GeV. A GRB model following the formulation of Waxman and Bahcall would result in a 5σ effect after the observation of 200 bursts in coincidence with satellite observations of the gamma rays.

AB - We present results of a Monte Carlo study of the sensitivity of the planned IceCube detector to predicted fluxes of muon neutrinos at TeV to PeV energies. A complete simulation of the detector and data analysis is used to study the detector's capability to search for muon neutrinos from potential sources such as active galaxies and gamma-ray bursts (GRBs). We study the effective area and the angular resolution of the detector as a function of muon energy and angle of incidence. We present detailed calculations of the sensitivity of the detector to both diffuse and pointlike neutrino fluxes, including an assessment of the sensitivity to neutrinos detected in coincidence with GRB observations. After three years of data taking, IceCube will be able to detect a point-source flux of Eν 2× dNν/dEν=7×10-9 cm-2s-1 GeV at a 5σ significance, or, in the absence of a signal, place a 90% c.l. limit at a level of Eν 2×dNν/dEν= 2×10-9 cm-2 s-1 GeV. A diffuse E-2 flux would be detectable at a minimum strength of Eν 2×dNν/dEν =10-8 cm-2-1 sr-1 GeV. A GRB model following the formulation of Waxman and Bahcall would result in a 5σ effect after the observation of 200 bursts in coincidence with satellite observations of the gamma rays.

KW - IceCube

KW - Neutrino astronomy

KW - Neutrino telescope

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JO - Astroparticle Physics

JF - Astroparticle Physics

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