Search for point sources of high-energy neutrinos with AMANDA

J. Ahrens, X. Bai, G. Barouch, S. W. Barwick, R. C. Bay, T. Becka, K. H. Becker, D. Bertrand, F. Binon, A. Biron, S. Boeser, O. Botner, A. Bouchta, Othmane Bouhali, T. Burgess, S. Carius, T. Castermans, D. Chirkin, J. Conrad, J. CooleyD. F. Cowen, A. Davour, C. de Clercq, T. DeYoung, P. Desiati, J. P. Dewulf, P. Doksus, J. Edsjö, P. Ekström, T. Feser, T. K. Gaisser, M. Gaug, L. Gerhardt, A. Goldschmidt, A. Hallgren, F. Halzen, K. Hanson, R. Hardtke, T. Hauschildt, M. Hellwig, P. Herquet, G. C. Hill, P. O. Hulth, K. Hultqvist, S. Hundertmark, J. Jacobsen, A. Karle, J. Kim, L. Köpke, M. Kowalski, K. Kuehn, J. I. Lamoureux, H. Leich, M. Leuthold, P. Lindahl, J. Madsen, P. Marciniewski, H. Matis, C. P. McParland, T. C. Miller, Y. Minaeva, P. Miocinoví, P. C. Mock, R. Morse, T. Neunhöffer, P. Niessen, D. R. Nygren, H. Ögelman, P. Olbrechts, C. Pérez de los Heros, A. C. Pohl, P. B. Price, G. T. Przybylski, K. Rawlins, E. Resconi, W. Rhode, M. Ribordy, S. Richter, J. Rodríguez Martino, P. Romenesko, D. Ross, H. G. Sander, T. Schmidt, D. Schneider, R. Schwarz, A. Silvestri, M. Solarz, G. M. Spiczak, C. Spiering, D. Steele, P. Steffen, R. G. Stokstad, K. H. Sulanke, I. Taboada, L. Thollander, S. Tilav, C. Walck, C. Weinheimer, C. H. Wiebusch, C. Wiedemann, R. Wischnewski, H. Wissing, K. Woschnagg, W. Wu, G. Yodh, S. Young

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper describes the search for astronomical sources of high-energy neutrinos using the AMANDA-B10 detector, an array of 302 photomultiplier tubes used for the detection of Cerenkov light from upward-traveling neutrino-induced muons, buried deep in ice at the South Pole. The absolute pointing accuracy and angular resolution were studied by using coincident events between the AMANDA detector and two independent telescopes on the surface, the GASP air Cerenkov telescope and the SPASE extensive air shower array. Using data collected from 1997 April to October (130.1 days of live time), a general survey of the northern hemisphere revealed no statistically significant excess of events from any direction. The sensitivity for a flux of muon neutrinos is based on the effective detection area for through-going muons. Averaged over the northern sky, the effective detection area exceeds 10,000 m2 for E μ ≈ 10 TeV. Neutrinos generated in the atmosphere by cosmic-ray interactions were used to verify the predicted performance of the detector. For a source with a differential energy spectrum proportional to Eν -2 and declination larger than +40°, we obtain E2(dNν/dE) ≤ 10-6 GeV cm-2 s-1 for an energy threshold of 10 GeV.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1040-1057
Number of pages18
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume583
Issue number2 I
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2003
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

point sources
point source
neutrinos
muons
energy
detectors
Global Air Sampling Program
air
northern sky
telescopes
cosmic ray
declination
Northern Hemisphere
cosmic ray showers
photomultiplier tubes
angular resolution
ice
cosmic rays
energy spectra
poles

Keywords

  • Neutrinos
  • Surveys

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Ahrens, J., Bai, X., Barouch, G., Barwick, S. W., Bay, R. C., Becka, T., ... Young, S. (2003). Search for point sources of high-energy neutrinos with AMANDA. Astrophysical Journal, 583(2 I), 1040-1057. https://doi.org/10.1086/345352

Search for point sources of high-energy neutrinos with AMANDA. / Ahrens, J.; Bai, X.; Barouch, G.; Barwick, S. W.; Bay, R. C.; Becka, T.; Becker, K. H.; Bertrand, D.; Binon, F.; Biron, A.; Boeser, S.; Botner, O.; Bouchta, A.; Bouhali, Othmane; Burgess, T.; Carius, S.; Castermans, T.; Chirkin, D.; Conrad, J.; Cooley, J.; Cowen, D. F.; Davour, A.; de Clercq, C.; DeYoung, T.; Desiati, P.; Dewulf, J. P.; Doksus, P.; Edsjö, J.; Ekström, P.; Feser, T.; Gaisser, T. K.; Gaug, M.; Gerhardt, L.; Goldschmidt, A.; Hallgren, A.; Halzen, F.; Hanson, K.; Hardtke, R.; Hauschildt, T.; Hellwig, M.; Herquet, P.; Hill, G. C.; Hulth, P. O.; Hultqvist, K.; Hundertmark, S.; Jacobsen, J.; Karle, A.; Kim, J.; Köpke, L.; Kowalski, M.; Kuehn, K.; Lamoureux, J. I.; Leich, H.; Leuthold, M.; Lindahl, P.; Madsen, J.; Marciniewski, P.; Matis, H.; McParland, C. P.; Miller, T. C.; Minaeva, Y.; Miocinoví, P.; Mock, P. C.; Morse, R.; Neunhöffer, T.; Niessen, P.; Nygren, D. R.; Ögelman, H.; Olbrechts, P.; Pérez de los Heros, C.; Pohl, A. C.; Price, P. B.; Przybylski, G. T.; Rawlins, K.; Resconi, E.; Rhode, W.; Ribordy, M.; Richter, S.; Rodríguez Martino, J.; Romenesko, P.; Ross, D.; Sander, H. G.; Schmidt, T.; Schneider, D.; Schwarz, R.; Silvestri, A.; Solarz, M.; Spiczak, G. M.; Spiering, C.; Steele, D.; Steffen, P.; Stokstad, R. G.; Sulanke, K. H.; Taboada, I.; Thollander, L.; Tilav, S.; Walck, C.; Weinheimer, C.; Wiebusch, C. H.; Wiedemann, C.; Wischnewski, R.; Wissing, H.; Woschnagg, K.; Wu, W.; Yodh, G.; Young, S.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 583, No. 2 I, 01.02.2003, p. 1040-1057.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ahrens, J, Bai, X, Barouch, G, Barwick, SW, Bay, RC, Becka, T, Becker, KH, Bertrand, D, Binon, F, Biron, A, Boeser, S, Botner, O, Bouchta, A, Bouhali, O, Burgess, T, Carius, S, Castermans, T, Chirkin, D, Conrad, J, Cooley, J, Cowen, DF, Davour, A, de Clercq, C, DeYoung, T, Desiati, P, Dewulf, JP, Doksus, P, Edsjö, J, Ekström, P, Feser, T, Gaisser, TK, Gaug, M, Gerhardt, L, Goldschmidt, A, Hallgren, A, Halzen, F, Hanson, K, Hardtke, R, Hauschildt, T, Hellwig, M, Herquet, P, Hill, GC, Hulth, PO, Hultqvist, K, Hundertmark, S, Jacobsen, J, Karle, A, Kim, J, Köpke, L, Kowalski, M, Kuehn, K, Lamoureux, JI, Leich, H, Leuthold, M, Lindahl, P, Madsen, J, Marciniewski, P, Matis, H, McParland, CP, Miller, TC, Minaeva, Y, Miocinoví, P, Mock, PC, Morse, R, Neunhöffer, T, Niessen, P, Nygren, DR, Ögelman, H, Olbrechts, P, Pérez de los Heros, C, Pohl, AC, Price, PB, Przybylski, GT, Rawlins, K, Resconi, E, Rhode, W, Ribordy, M, Richter, S, Rodríguez Martino, J, Romenesko, P, Ross, D, Sander, HG, Schmidt, T, Schneider, D, Schwarz, R, Silvestri, A, Solarz, M, Spiczak, GM, Spiering, C, Steele, D, Steffen, P, Stokstad, RG, Sulanke, KH, Taboada, I, Thollander, L, Tilav, S, Walck, C, Weinheimer, C, Wiebusch, CH, Wiedemann, C, Wischnewski, R, Wissing, H, Woschnagg, K, Wu, W, Yodh, G & Young, S 2003, 'Search for point sources of high-energy neutrinos with AMANDA', Astrophysical Journal, vol. 583, no. 2 I, pp. 1040-1057. https://doi.org/10.1086/345352
Ahrens J, Bai X, Barouch G, Barwick SW, Bay RC, Becka T et al. Search for point sources of high-energy neutrinos with AMANDA. Astrophysical Journal. 2003 Feb 1;583(2 I):1040-1057. https://doi.org/10.1086/345352
Ahrens, J. ; Bai, X. ; Barouch, G. ; Barwick, S. W. ; Bay, R. C. ; Becka, T. ; Becker, K. H. ; Bertrand, D. ; Binon, F. ; Biron, A. ; Boeser, S. ; Botner, O. ; Bouchta, A. ; Bouhali, Othmane ; Burgess, T. ; Carius, S. ; Castermans, T. ; Chirkin, D. ; Conrad, J. ; Cooley, J. ; Cowen, D. F. ; Davour, A. ; de Clercq, C. ; DeYoung, T. ; Desiati, P. ; Dewulf, J. P. ; Doksus, P. ; Edsjö, J. ; Ekström, P. ; Feser, T. ; Gaisser, T. K. ; Gaug, M. ; Gerhardt, L. ; Goldschmidt, A. ; Hallgren, A. ; Halzen, F. ; Hanson, K. ; Hardtke, R. ; Hauschildt, T. ; Hellwig, M. ; Herquet, P. ; Hill, G. C. ; Hulth, P. O. ; Hultqvist, K. ; Hundertmark, S. ; Jacobsen, J. ; Karle, A. ; Kim, J. ; Köpke, L. ; Kowalski, M. ; Kuehn, K. ; Lamoureux, J. I. ; Leich, H. ; Leuthold, M. ; Lindahl, P. ; Madsen, J. ; Marciniewski, P. ; Matis, H. ; McParland, C. P. ; Miller, T. C. ; Minaeva, Y. ; Miocinoví, P. ; Mock, P. C. ; Morse, R. ; Neunhöffer, T. ; Niessen, P. ; Nygren, D. R. ; Ögelman, H. ; Olbrechts, P. ; Pérez de los Heros, C. ; Pohl, A. C. ; Price, P. B. ; Przybylski, G. T. ; Rawlins, K. ; Resconi, E. ; Rhode, W. ; Ribordy, M. ; Richter, S. ; Rodríguez Martino, J. ; Romenesko, P. ; Ross, D. ; Sander, H. G. ; Schmidt, T. ; Schneider, D. ; Schwarz, R. ; Silvestri, A. ; Solarz, M. ; Spiczak, G. M. ; Spiering, C. ; Steele, D. ; Steffen, P. ; Stokstad, R. G. ; Sulanke, K. H. ; Taboada, I. ; Thollander, L. ; Tilav, S. ; Walck, C. ; Weinheimer, C. ; Wiebusch, C. H. ; Wiedemann, C. ; Wischnewski, R. ; Wissing, H. ; Woschnagg, K. ; Wu, W. ; Yodh, G. ; Young, S. / Search for point sources of high-energy neutrinos with AMANDA. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2003 ; Vol. 583, No. 2 I. pp. 1040-1057.
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T1 - Search for point sources of high-energy neutrinos with AMANDA

AU - Ahrens, J.

AU - Bai, X.

AU - Barouch, G.

AU - Barwick, S. W.

AU - Bay, R. C.

AU - Becka, T.

AU - Becker, K. H.

AU - Bertrand, D.

AU - Binon, F.

AU - Biron, A.

AU - Boeser, S.

AU - Botner, O.

AU - Bouchta, A.

AU - Bouhali, Othmane

AU - Burgess, T.

AU - Carius, S.

AU - Castermans, T.

AU - Chirkin, D.

AU - Conrad, J.

AU - Cooley, J.

AU - Cowen, D. F.

AU - Davour, A.

AU - de Clercq, C.

AU - DeYoung, T.

AU - Desiati, P.

AU - Dewulf, J. P.

AU - Doksus, P.

AU - Edsjö, J.

AU - Ekström, P.

AU - Feser, T.

AU - Gaisser, T. K.

AU - Gaug, M.

AU - Gerhardt, L.

AU - Goldschmidt, A.

AU - Hallgren, A.

AU - Halzen, F.

AU - Hanson, K.

AU - Hardtke, R.

AU - Hauschildt, T.

AU - Hellwig, M.

AU - Herquet, P.

AU - Hill, G. C.

AU - Hulth, P. O.

AU - Hultqvist, K.

AU - Hundertmark, S.

AU - Jacobsen, J.

AU - Karle, A.

AU - Kim, J.

AU - Köpke, L.

AU - Kowalski, M.

AU - Kuehn, K.

AU - Lamoureux, J. I.

AU - Leich, H.

AU - Leuthold, M.

AU - Lindahl, P.

AU - Madsen, J.

AU - Marciniewski, P.

AU - Matis, H.

AU - McParland, C. P.

AU - Miller, T. C.

AU - Minaeva, Y.

AU - Miocinoví, P.

AU - Mock, P. C.

AU - Morse, R.

AU - Neunhöffer, T.

AU - Niessen, P.

AU - Nygren, D. R.

AU - Ögelman, H.

AU - Olbrechts, P.

AU - Pérez de los Heros, C.

AU - Pohl, A. C.

AU - Price, P. B.

AU - Przybylski, G. T.

AU - Rawlins, K.

AU - Resconi, E.

AU - Rhode, W.

AU - Ribordy, M.

AU - Richter, S.

AU - Rodríguez Martino, J.

AU - Romenesko, P.

AU - Ross, D.

AU - Sander, H. G.

AU - Schmidt, T.

AU - Schneider, D.

AU - Schwarz, R.

AU - Silvestri, A.

AU - Solarz, M.

AU - Spiczak, G. M.

AU - Spiering, C.

AU - Steele, D.

AU - Steffen, P.

AU - Stokstad, R. G.

AU - Sulanke, K. H.

AU - Taboada, I.

AU - Thollander, L.

AU - Tilav, S.

AU - Walck, C.

AU - Weinheimer, C.

AU - Wiebusch, C. H.

AU - Wiedemann, C.

AU - Wischnewski, R.

AU - Wissing, H.

AU - Woschnagg, K.

AU - Wu, W.

AU - Yodh, G.

AU - Young, S.

PY - 2003/2/1

Y1 - 2003/2/1

N2 - This paper describes the search for astronomical sources of high-energy neutrinos using the AMANDA-B10 detector, an array of 302 photomultiplier tubes used for the detection of Cerenkov light from upward-traveling neutrino-induced muons, buried deep in ice at the South Pole. The absolute pointing accuracy and angular resolution were studied by using coincident events between the AMANDA detector and two independent telescopes on the surface, the GASP air Cerenkov telescope and the SPASE extensive air shower array. Using data collected from 1997 April to October (130.1 days of live time), a general survey of the northern hemisphere revealed no statistically significant excess of events from any direction. The sensitivity for a flux of muon neutrinos is based on the effective detection area for through-going muons. Averaged over the northern sky, the effective detection area exceeds 10,000 m2 for E μ ≈ 10 TeV. Neutrinos generated in the atmosphere by cosmic-ray interactions were used to verify the predicted performance of the detector. For a source with a differential energy spectrum proportional to Eν -2 and declination larger than +40°, we obtain E2(dNν/dE) ≤ 10-6 GeV cm-2 s-1 for an energy threshold of 10 GeV.

AB - This paper describes the search for astronomical sources of high-energy neutrinos using the AMANDA-B10 detector, an array of 302 photomultiplier tubes used for the detection of Cerenkov light from upward-traveling neutrino-induced muons, buried deep in ice at the South Pole. The absolute pointing accuracy and angular resolution were studied by using coincident events between the AMANDA detector and two independent telescopes on the surface, the GASP air Cerenkov telescope and the SPASE extensive air shower array. Using data collected from 1997 April to October (130.1 days of live time), a general survey of the northern hemisphere revealed no statistically significant excess of events from any direction. The sensitivity for a flux of muon neutrinos is based on the effective detection area for through-going muons. Averaged over the northern sky, the effective detection area exceeds 10,000 m2 for E μ ≈ 10 TeV. Neutrinos generated in the atmosphere by cosmic-ray interactions were used to verify the predicted performance of the detector. For a source with a differential energy spectrum proportional to Eν -2 and declination larger than +40°, we obtain E2(dNν/dE) ≤ 10-6 GeV cm-2 s-1 for an energy threshold of 10 GeV.

KW - Neutrinos

KW - Surveys

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