Matrix operations are a fundamental building block of many computational tasks in fields as diverse as scientific computing, machine learning, and data mining. Matrix inversion is an important matrix operation, but it is difficult to implement in today's popular parallel dataflow programming systems, such as MapReduce. The reason is that each element in the inverse of a matrix depends on multiple elements in the input matrix, so the computation is not easily partitionable. In this paper, we present a scalable and efficient technique for matrix inversion in MapReduce. Our technique relies on computing the LU decomposition of the input matrix and using that decomposition to compute the required matrix inverse. We present a technique for computing the LU decomposition and the matrix inverse using a pipeline of MapReduce jobs. We also present optimizations of this technique in the context of Hadoop. To the best of our knowledge, our technique is the first matrix inversion technique using MapReduce. We show experimentally that our technique has good scalability, enabling us to invert a 105 ×105 matrix in 5 hours on Amazon EC2. We also show that our technique outperforms ScaLAPACK, a state-of-the-art linear algebra package that uses MPI.