Room temperature novel chemical synthesis of Cu 2ZnSnS 4 (CZTS) absorbing layer for photovoltaic application

N. M. Shinde, D. P. Dubal, Dattatray Dhawale, C. D. Lokhande, J. H. Kim, J. H. Moon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

80 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cu 2ZnSnS 4 (CZTS) thin films have been prepared by a novel chemical successive ionic layer adsorption and reaction (SILAR) method. These films were annealed in vacuum at 673 K and further characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), UV-vis spectroscopy, electrical, and wettability studies. The X-ray diffraction studies showed the formation of kesterite structure of CZTS films. Scanning electron micrograph revealed the formation of densely packed, compact and large grained CZTS films. The CZTS films showed high optical absorption (10 4 cm -1) exhibiting band gap energy of 1.55 eV. Wettability test revealed the hydrophilic nature of CZTS films. The CZTS thin films showed semiconducting behavior with p-type electrical conductivity. Further photovoltaic activity of these films was studied by forming the photoelectrochemical cell.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)302-307
Number of pages6
JournalMaterials Research Bulletin
Volume47
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2012
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

room temperature
synthesis
wettability
Temperature
Wetting
Photoelectrochemical cells
X ray diffraction
Thin films
thin films
Ultraviolet spectroscopy
diffraction
Light absorption
Energy gap
optical absorption
x rays
Vacuum
Scanning
Adsorption
vacuum
Scanning electron microscopy

Keywords

  • A. SILAR
  • B. Thin film
  • C. Cu ZnSnS
  • D. Photoelectrochemical cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Room temperature novel chemical synthesis of Cu 2ZnSnS 4 (CZTS) absorbing layer for photovoltaic application. / Shinde, N. M.; Dubal, D. P.; Dhawale, Dattatray; Lokhande, C. D.; Kim, J. H.; Moon, J. H.

In: Materials Research Bulletin, Vol. 47, No. 2, 02.2012, p. 302-307.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Shinde, N. M. ; Dubal, D. P. ; Dhawale, Dattatray ; Lokhande, C. D. ; Kim, J. H. ; Moon, J. H. / Room temperature novel chemical synthesis of Cu 2ZnSnS 4 (CZTS) absorbing layer for photovoltaic application. In: Materials Research Bulletin. 2012 ; Vol. 47, No. 2. pp. 302-307.
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