Rheological properties of palygorskite-bentonite and sepiolite-bentonite mixed clay suspensions

Yadeta C. Chemeda, George E. Christidis, N. M.Tauhid Khan, Eleni Koutsopoulou, Vicky Hatzistamou, Vassilios C. Kelessidis

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16 Citations (Scopus)


This study examines the influence of layer charge and smectite content on the rheological properties of mixed bentonite-palygorskite suspensions. Eight bentonite samples containing smectite with layer charge ranging between 0.38 and 0.54. e/huc were used to prepare 5% w/v mixed palygorskite-bentonite aqueous suspension at pH. 7. The influence of smectite on the apparent viscosity and yield point of palygorskite suspensions depends on the proportion of the smectite in the mixture and the layer charge and charge localization of the smectite. The interaction between the two end member clay minerals is maximum at low percentage (10 to 20%) of bentonite in the mixture. Low charge and high charge smectite tended to improve and deteriorate, respectively, the yield point and apparent viscosity of the suspension. This behaviour seemed to be related to the influence of layer charge of smectite on the degree of delamination and the thickness of smectite quasicrystals, which consequently determine the number of particles involved in the interaction and the strength of particle-particle linkages.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)165-174
Number of pages10
JournalApplied Clay Science
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2014



  • Apparent viscosity
  • Layer charge
  • Palygorskite
  • Sepiolite
  • Smectite
  • Yield point

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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