Reuse of Treated Sewage Effluent (TSE) in Qatar

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

18 Citations (Scopus)


Qatar has one of the fastest growing and funded water sectors in the GCC region, with significant government funds being focused into water supply and sanitation. However, it is anticipated that there will be an increase in the demand on desalinated water supply due to increase in urban population and expansion of industrial and agriculture activities. This is expected to cause water shortages and a serious need for new water sources. There is a critical need to evaluate the efficacy of applying certain advanced technologies to improve the quality of Treated Sewage Effluent (TSE) for reuse in more applications in the industrial and agriculture sectors to reduce the demand on desalinated water. Treated sewage effluent (TSE) and wastewater have tremendous potential in supplementing the ever-growing water demand. It can be effectively recycled for both potable and non-potable purposes, provided it meets specific water quality requirement and type of application. Generation of treated wastewater is also cheaper and consumes lower energy when compared to desalinated water. Nevertheless, wastewater effluent contains a wide range of pathogens and other pollutants including chemicals of emerging concerns and heavy metals. Many studies have confirmed the abundance presence of pharmaceuticals, personal care products (PPCPs) and endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) in wastewater that could pose a severe threat to public health. Therefore, it is essential that wastewater effluents are adequately treated and monitored to ensure a safe supply and reuse of treated effluents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)174-182
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Water Process Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2016



  • Advanced oxidation process
  • Endocrine disrupting chemicals
  • Industrial wastewater
  • Ozone
  • Pharmaceuticals and personal care products
  • Treated Sewage Effluent (TSE)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Biotechnology
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

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