Response of maize and cucumber intercrop to soil moisture control through irrigation and mulching during the dry season in Nigeria

Josiah M. Ayotamuno, K. Zuofa, Sunday A. Ofori, Reginald Kogbara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Replicate field plots were used in experiments aimed at evaluating the yield potentials of maize and cucumber intercrop resulting from the control of soil moisture through irrigation and mulching, for a period of eleven weeks. Three irrigation depths, 2.5, 3.5 and 4.5 mm; and two mulch levels, zero mulch and 10 ton/ha of oil palm bunch refuse as mulch material were employed, while the third option involved the combination of the different levels of irrigation and mulching. These were used alongside fertilizer application. The pertinent growth and yield parameters were then determined. Results of the analysis indicated that there were no significant differences in growth parameters such as plant height, vine length and days to 50% flowering across the treatment variants. Yield components such as total grain yield, total fresh cob yield and total fruit yield differed greatly across the treatment options and also indicated significance at the 1% probability level. It was observed that cucumber total fruit yield was greater in the plots that received only mulching than the other plots. The results of the study highlight the position that the best crop yields would be obtained for maize and cucumber intercrop during the dry season, if farmers resort to optimum application levels while using the synergy of irrigation and mulching to achieve a crop favorable soil moisture regime.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)509-515
Number of pages7
JournalAfrican Journal of Biotechnology
Volume6
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 5 Mar 2007
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Cucumis sativus
mulching
Nigeria
irrigation management
cucumbers
Zea mays
dry season
Soil
soil water
corn
Fruit
irrigation
fruit yield
Fertilizers
Growth
soil water regimes
Elaeis guineensis
Oils
irrigation rates
yield components

Keywords

  • Cucumber
  • Irrigation
  • Maize
  • Mulching
  • Oil palm bunch refuse
  • Plant height
  • Total fresh cob yield
  • Total fruit yield
  • Total grain yield
  • Vine length

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology

Cite this

Response of maize and cucumber intercrop to soil moisture control through irrigation and mulching during the dry season in Nigeria. / Ayotamuno, Josiah M.; Zuofa, K.; Ofori, Sunday A.; Kogbara, Reginald.

In: African Journal of Biotechnology, Vol. 6, No. 5, 05.03.2007, p. 509-515.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{be3ea90316f94235ac70b49d163ad5d4,
title = "Response of maize and cucumber intercrop to soil moisture control through irrigation and mulching during the dry season in Nigeria",
abstract = "Replicate field plots were used in experiments aimed at evaluating the yield potentials of maize and cucumber intercrop resulting from the control of soil moisture through irrigation and mulching, for a period of eleven weeks. Three irrigation depths, 2.5, 3.5 and 4.5 mm; and two mulch levels, zero mulch and 10 ton/ha of oil palm bunch refuse as mulch material were employed, while the third option involved the combination of the different levels of irrigation and mulching. These were used alongside fertilizer application. The pertinent growth and yield parameters were then determined. Results of the analysis indicated that there were no significant differences in growth parameters such as plant height, vine length and days to 50{\%} flowering across the treatment variants. Yield components such as total grain yield, total fresh cob yield and total fruit yield differed greatly across the treatment options and also indicated significance at the 1{\%} probability level. It was observed that cucumber total fruit yield was greater in the plots that received only mulching than the other plots. The results of the study highlight the position that the best crop yields would be obtained for maize and cucumber intercrop during the dry season, if farmers resort to optimum application levels while using the synergy of irrigation and mulching to achieve a crop favorable soil moisture regime.",
keywords = "Cucumber, Irrigation, Maize, Mulching, Oil palm bunch refuse, Plant height, Total fresh cob yield, Total fruit yield, Total grain yield, Vine length",
author = "Ayotamuno, {Josiah M.} and K. Zuofa and Ofori, {Sunday A.} and Reginald Kogbara",
year = "2007",
month = "3",
day = "5",
language = "English",
volume = "6",
pages = "509--515",
journal = "African Journal of Biotechnology",
issn = "1684-5315",
publisher = "Academic Journals",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Response of maize and cucumber intercrop to soil moisture control through irrigation and mulching during the dry season in Nigeria

AU - Ayotamuno, Josiah M.

AU - Zuofa, K.

AU - Ofori, Sunday A.

AU - Kogbara, Reginald

PY - 2007/3/5

Y1 - 2007/3/5

N2 - Replicate field plots were used in experiments aimed at evaluating the yield potentials of maize and cucumber intercrop resulting from the control of soil moisture through irrigation and mulching, for a period of eleven weeks. Three irrigation depths, 2.5, 3.5 and 4.5 mm; and two mulch levels, zero mulch and 10 ton/ha of oil palm bunch refuse as mulch material were employed, while the third option involved the combination of the different levels of irrigation and mulching. These were used alongside fertilizer application. The pertinent growth and yield parameters were then determined. Results of the analysis indicated that there were no significant differences in growth parameters such as plant height, vine length and days to 50% flowering across the treatment variants. Yield components such as total grain yield, total fresh cob yield and total fruit yield differed greatly across the treatment options and also indicated significance at the 1% probability level. It was observed that cucumber total fruit yield was greater in the plots that received only mulching than the other plots. The results of the study highlight the position that the best crop yields would be obtained for maize and cucumber intercrop during the dry season, if farmers resort to optimum application levels while using the synergy of irrigation and mulching to achieve a crop favorable soil moisture regime.

AB - Replicate field plots were used in experiments aimed at evaluating the yield potentials of maize and cucumber intercrop resulting from the control of soil moisture through irrigation and mulching, for a period of eleven weeks. Three irrigation depths, 2.5, 3.5 and 4.5 mm; and two mulch levels, zero mulch and 10 ton/ha of oil palm bunch refuse as mulch material were employed, while the third option involved the combination of the different levels of irrigation and mulching. These were used alongside fertilizer application. The pertinent growth and yield parameters were then determined. Results of the analysis indicated that there were no significant differences in growth parameters such as plant height, vine length and days to 50% flowering across the treatment variants. Yield components such as total grain yield, total fresh cob yield and total fruit yield differed greatly across the treatment options and also indicated significance at the 1% probability level. It was observed that cucumber total fruit yield was greater in the plots that received only mulching than the other plots. The results of the study highlight the position that the best crop yields would be obtained for maize and cucumber intercrop during the dry season, if farmers resort to optimum application levels while using the synergy of irrigation and mulching to achieve a crop favorable soil moisture regime.

KW - Cucumber

KW - Irrigation

KW - Maize

KW - Mulching

KW - Oil palm bunch refuse

KW - Plant height

KW - Total fresh cob yield

KW - Total fruit yield

KW - Total grain yield

KW - Vine length

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33947258388&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33947258388&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 6

SP - 509

EP - 515

JO - African Journal of Biotechnology

JF - African Journal of Biotechnology

SN - 1684-5315

IS - 5

ER -