Response of maize and cucumber intercrop to soil moisture control through irrigation and mulching during the dry season in Nigeria

Josiah M. Ayotamuno, K. Zuofa, Sunday A. Ofori, Reginald Kogbara

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3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Replicate field plots were used in experiments aimed at evaluating the yield potentials of maize and cucumber intercrop resulting from the control of soil moisture through irrigation and mulching, for a period of eleven weeks. Three irrigation depths, 2.5, 3.5 and 4.5 mm; and two mulch levels, zero mulch and 10 ton/ha of oil palm bunch refuse as mulch material were employed, while the third option involved the combination of the different levels of irrigation and mulching. These were used alongside fertilizer application. The pertinent growth and yield parameters were then determined. Results of the analysis indicated that there were no significant differences in growth parameters such as plant height, vine length and days to 50% flowering across the treatment variants. Yield components such as total grain yield, total fresh cob yield and total fruit yield differed greatly across the treatment options and also indicated significance at the 1% probability level. It was observed that cucumber total fruit yield was greater in the plots that received only mulching than the other plots. The results of the study highlight the position that the best crop yields would be obtained for maize and cucumber intercrop during the dry season, if farmers resort to optimum application levels while using the synergy of irrigation and mulching to achieve a crop favorable soil moisture regime.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)509-515
Number of pages7
JournalAfrican Journal of Biotechnology
Volume6
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 5 Mar 2007
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Cucumber
  • Irrigation
  • Maize
  • Mulching
  • Oil palm bunch refuse
  • Plant height
  • Total fresh cob yield
  • Total fruit yield
  • Total grain yield
  • Vine length

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology

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