Renewable energy resources: Current status, future prospects and their enabling technology

Omar Ellabban, Haitham Abu-Rub, Frede Blaabjerg

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

680 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Electric energy security is essential, yet the high cost and limited sources of fossil fuels, in addition to the need to reduce greenhouse gasses emission, have made renewable resources attractive in world energy-based economies. The potential for renewable energy resources is enormous because they can, in principle, exponentially exceed the world's energy demand; therefore, these types of resources will have a significant share in the future global energy portfolio, much of which is now concentrating on advancing their pool of renewable energy resources. Accordingly, this paper presents how renewable energy resources are currently being used, scientific developments to improve their use, their future prospects, and their deployment. Additionally, the paper represents the impact of power electronics and smart grid technologies that can enable the proportionate share of renewable energy resources.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)748-764
Number of pages17
JournalRenewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
Volume39
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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Keywords

  • Biomass energy
  • Geothermal energy
  • Hydropower energy
  • Marine energy
  • Smart grid
  • Solar energy
  • Wind energy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

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