Removal of Cadmium from Water by CNT-PAC Composite

Effect of Functionalization

Mohammed A. AlSaadi, Abdullah Al Mamun, Md Zahangir Alam, Mutiu Kolade Amosa, Muataz Atieh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cadmium (Cd2+) is one of the toxic heavy metals that is frequently used in many industrial products. The wastewater from these industries and their products contains residual cadmium that are difficult to be removed economically from the effluent. Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) were synthesized in several batches and tested for their removal efficacy with regards to cadmium removal from synthetic wastewater. Fixed catalyst chemical vapor deposition (FCCVD) reactor system was fabricated in the laboratory for the synthesis of CNTs on the powdered activated carbons (PACs). The PACs were impregnated with Fe3+ catalysts, and growth parameters such as the reaction time, gas flow rates and reaction temperature were optimized. The sorption capacity of the raw CNT-PAC was not satisfactory until the sorbents were functionalized which eventually led to high adsorption capacities. The surface properties of CNT-PAC were modified by oxidative functionalization using two different methods: sonication with KMnO4 and refluxing with HNO3 at 140°C. KMnO4-treated CNT-PAC exhibited the highest sorption capacity for cadmium uptake which increased from 4.77mg/g (untreated CNT-PAC) to 11.16mg/g; resulting in Cd2+ removal efficiency from 38.87% to 98.35%.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1650011
JournalNano
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016

Fingerprint

Carbon Nanotubes
activated carbon
Cadmium
Activated carbon
cadmium
Carbon nanotubes
carbon nanotubes
composite materials
Water
Composite materials
water
sorption
Sorption
Wastewater
catalysts
Catalysts
Sonication
sorbents
Poisons
effluents

Keywords

  • Adsorption
  • Cadmium
  • CNTs
  • functionalization
  • wastewater

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

Removal of Cadmium from Water by CNT-PAC Composite : Effect of Functionalization. / AlSaadi, Mohammed A.; Al Mamun, Abdullah; Alam, Md Zahangir; Amosa, Mutiu Kolade; Atieh, Muataz.

In: Nano, Vol. 11, No. 1, 1650011, 01.01.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

AlSaadi, Mohammed A. ; Al Mamun, Abdullah ; Alam, Md Zahangir ; Amosa, Mutiu Kolade ; Atieh, Muataz. / Removal of Cadmium from Water by CNT-PAC Composite : Effect of Functionalization. In: Nano. 2016 ; Vol. 11, No. 1.
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