Red noise versus planetary interpretations in the microlensing event ogle-2013-BLG-446

E. Bachelet, D. M. Bramich, C. Han, J. Greenhill, R. A. Street, A. Gould, G. D'Ago, Khalid Al-Subai, M. Dominik, R. Figuera Jaimes, K. Horne, M. Hundertmark, N. Kains, C. Snodgrass, I. A. Steele, Y. Tsapras, M. D. Albrow, V. Batista, J. P. Beaulieu, D. P. Bennett & 81 others S. Brillant, J. A R Caldwell, A. Cassan, A. Cole, C. Coutures, S. Dieters, D. Dominis Prester, J. Donatowicz, P. Fouqué, K. Hill, J. B. Marquette, J. Menzies, C. Pere, C. Ranc, J. Wambsganss, D. Warren, L. Andrade De Almeida, J. Y. Choi, D. L. Depoy, S. Dong, L. W. Hung, K. H. Hwang, F. Jablonski, Y. K. Jung, S. Kaspi, N. Klein, C. U. Lee, D. Maoz, J. A. Muñoz, D. Nataf, H. Park, R. W. Pogge, D. Polishook, I. G. Shin, A. Shporer, J. C. Yee, F. Abe, A. Bhattacharya, I. A. Bond, C. S. Botzler, M. Freeman, A. Fukui, Y. Itow, N. Koshimoto, C. H. Ling, K. Masuda, Y. Matsubara, Y. Muraki, K. Ohnishi, L. C. Philpott, N. Rattenbury, To Saito, D. J. Sullivan, T. Sumi, D. Suzuki, P. J. Tristram, A. Yonehara, V. Bozza, S. Calchi Novati, S. Ciceri, P. Galianni, S. H. Gu, K. Harpsøe, T. C. Hinse, U. G. Jørgensen, D. Juncher, H. Korhonen, L. Mancini, C. Melchiorre, A. Popovas, A. Postiglione, M. Rabus, S. Rahvar, R. W. Schmidt, G. Scarpetta, J. Skottfelt, John Southworth, An Stabile, J. Surdej, X. B. Wang, O. Wertz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

For all exoplanet candidates, the reliability of a claimed detection needs to be assessed through a careful study of systematic errors in the data to minimize the false positives rate. We present a method to investigate such systematics in microlensing data sets using the microlensing event OGLE-2013-BLG-0446 as a case study. The event was observed from multiple sites around the world and its high magnification (Amax ∼ 3000) allowed us to investigate the effects of terrestrial and annual parallax. Real-time modeling of the event while it was still ongoing suggested the presence of an extremely low-mass companion (∼3M) to the lensing star, leading to substantial follow-up coverage of the light curve. We test and compare different models for the light curve and conclude that the data do not favor the planetary interpretation when systematic errors are taken into account.

Original languageEnglish
Article number136
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume812
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Oct 2015

Fingerprint

systematic errors
light curve
parallax
extrasolar planets
magnification
modeling
stars
detection
rate
effect
method
test
world

Keywords

  • gravitational lensing: micro
  • planetary systems
  • techniques: photometric

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Cite this

Red noise versus planetary interpretations in the microlensing event ogle-2013-BLG-446. / Bachelet, E.; Bramich, D. M.; Han, C.; Greenhill, J.; Street, R. A.; Gould, A.; D'Ago, G.; Al-Subai, Khalid; Dominik, M.; Jaimes, R. Figuera; Horne, K.; Hundertmark, M.; Kains, N.; Snodgrass, C.; Steele, I. A.; Tsapras, Y.; Albrow, M. D.; Batista, V.; Beaulieu, J. P.; Bennett, D. P.; Brillant, S.; Caldwell, J. A R; Cassan, A.; Cole, A.; Coutures, C.; Dieters, S.; Prester, D. Dominis; Donatowicz, J.; Fouqué, P.; Hill, K.; Marquette, J. B.; Menzies, J.; Pere, C.; Ranc, C.; Wambsganss, J.; Warren, D.; Almeida, L. Andrade De; Choi, J. Y.; Depoy, D. L.; Dong, S.; Hung, L. W.; Hwang, K. H.; Jablonski, F.; Jung, Y. K.; Kaspi, S.; Klein, N.; Lee, C. U.; Maoz, D.; Muñoz, J. A.; Nataf, D.; Park, H.; Pogge, R. W.; Polishook, D.; Shin, I. G.; Shporer, A.; Yee, J. C.; Abe, F.; Bhattacharya, A.; Bond, I. A.; Botzler, C. S.; Freeman, M.; Fukui, A.; Itow, Y.; Koshimoto, N.; Ling, C. H.; Masuda, K.; Matsubara, Y.; Muraki, Y.; Ohnishi, K.; Philpott, L. C.; Rattenbury, N.; Saito, To; Sullivan, D. J.; Sumi, T.; Suzuki, D.; Tristram, P. J.; Yonehara, A.; Bozza, V.; Calchi Novati, S.; Ciceri, S.; Galianni, P.; Gu, S. H.; Harpsøe, K.; Hinse, T. C.; Jørgensen, U. G.; Juncher, D.; Korhonen, H.; Mancini, L.; Melchiorre, C.; Popovas, A.; Postiglione, A.; Rabus, M.; Rahvar, S.; Schmidt, R. W.; Scarpetta, G.; Skottfelt, J.; Southworth, John; Stabile, An; Surdej, J.; Wang, X. B.; Wertz, O.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 812, No. 2, 136, 20.10.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bachelet, E, Bramich, DM, Han, C, Greenhill, J, Street, RA, Gould, A, D'Ago, G, Al-Subai, K, Dominik, M, Jaimes, RF, Horne, K, Hundertmark, M, Kains, N, Snodgrass, C, Steele, IA, Tsapras, Y, Albrow, MD, Batista, V, Beaulieu, JP, Bennett, DP, Brillant, S, Caldwell, JAR, Cassan, A, Cole, A, Coutures, C, Dieters, S, Prester, DD, Donatowicz, J, Fouqué, P, Hill, K, Marquette, JB, Menzies, J, Pere, C, Ranc, C, Wambsganss, J, Warren, D, Almeida, LAD, Choi, JY, Depoy, DL, Dong, S, Hung, LW, Hwang, KH, Jablonski, F, Jung, YK, Kaspi, S, Klein, N, Lee, CU, Maoz, D, Muñoz, JA, Nataf, D, Park, H, Pogge, RW, Polishook, D, Shin, IG, Shporer, A, Yee, JC, Abe, F, Bhattacharya, A, Bond, IA, Botzler, CS, Freeman, M, Fukui, A, Itow, Y, Koshimoto, N, Ling, CH, Masuda, K, Matsubara, Y, Muraki, Y, Ohnishi, K, Philpott, LC, Rattenbury, N, Saito, T, Sullivan, DJ, Sumi, T, Suzuki, D, Tristram, PJ, Yonehara, A, Bozza, V, Calchi Novati, S, Ciceri, S, Galianni, P, Gu, SH, Harpsøe, K, Hinse, TC, Jørgensen, UG, Juncher, D, Korhonen, H, Mancini, L, Melchiorre, C, Popovas, A, Postiglione, A, Rabus, M, Rahvar, S, Schmidt, RW, Scarpetta, G, Skottfelt, J, Southworth, J, Stabile, A, Surdej, J, Wang, XB & Wertz, O 2015, 'Red noise versus planetary interpretations in the microlensing event ogle-2013-BLG-446', Astrophysical Journal, vol. 812, no. 2, 136. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/812/2/136
Bachelet, E. ; Bramich, D. M. ; Han, C. ; Greenhill, J. ; Street, R. A. ; Gould, A. ; D'Ago, G. ; Al-Subai, Khalid ; Dominik, M. ; Jaimes, R. Figuera ; Horne, K. ; Hundertmark, M. ; Kains, N. ; Snodgrass, C. ; Steele, I. A. ; Tsapras, Y. ; Albrow, M. D. ; Batista, V. ; Beaulieu, J. P. ; Bennett, D. P. ; Brillant, S. ; Caldwell, J. A R ; Cassan, A. ; Cole, A. ; Coutures, C. ; Dieters, S. ; Prester, D. Dominis ; Donatowicz, J. ; Fouqué, P. ; Hill, K. ; Marquette, J. B. ; Menzies, J. ; Pere, C. ; Ranc, C. ; Wambsganss, J. ; Warren, D. ; Almeida, L. Andrade De ; Choi, J. Y. ; Depoy, D. L. ; Dong, S. ; Hung, L. W. ; Hwang, K. H. ; Jablonski, F. ; Jung, Y. K. ; Kaspi, S. ; Klein, N. ; Lee, C. U. ; Maoz, D. ; Muñoz, J. A. ; Nataf, D. ; Park, H. ; Pogge, R. W. ; Polishook, D. ; Shin, I. G. ; Shporer, A. ; Yee, J. C. ; Abe, F. ; Bhattacharya, A. ; Bond, I. A. ; Botzler, C. S. ; Freeman, M. ; Fukui, A. ; Itow, Y. ; Koshimoto, N. ; Ling, C. H. ; Masuda, K. ; Matsubara, Y. ; Muraki, Y. ; Ohnishi, K. ; Philpott, L. C. ; Rattenbury, N. ; Saito, To ; Sullivan, D. J. ; Sumi, T. ; Suzuki, D. ; Tristram, P. J. ; Yonehara, A. ; Bozza, V. ; Calchi Novati, S. ; Ciceri, S. ; Galianni, P. ; Gu, S. H. ; Harpsøe, K. ; Hinse, T. C. ; Jørgensen, U. G. ; Juncher, D. ; Korhonen, H. ; Mancini, L. ; Melchiorre, C. ; Popovas, A. ; Postiglione, A. ; Rabus, M. ; Rahvar, S. ; Schmidt, R. W. ; Scarpetta, G. ; Skottfelt, J. ; Southworth, John ; Stabile, An ; Surdej, J. ; Wang, X. B. ; Wertz, O. / Red noise versus planetary interpretations in the microlensing event ogle-2013-BLG-446. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2015 ; Vol. 812, No. 2.
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abstract = "For all exoplanet candidates, the reliability of a claimed detection needs to be assessed through a careful study of systematic errors in the data to minimize the false positives rate. We present a method to investigate such systematics in microlensing data sets using the microlensing event OGLE-2013-BLG-0446 as a case study. The event was observed from multiple sites around the world and its high magnification (Amax ∼ 3000) allowed us to investigate the effects of terrestrial and annual parallax. Real-time modeling of the event while it was still ongoing suggested the presence of an extremely low-mass companion (∼3M) to the lensing star, leading to substantial follow-up coverage of the light curve. We test and compare different models for the light curve and conclude that the data do not favor the planetary interpretation when systematic errors are taken into account.",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Red noise versus planetary interpretations in the microlensing event ogle-2013-BLG-446

AU - Bachelet, E.

AU - Bramich, D. M.

AU - Han, C.

AU - Greenhill, J.

AU - Street, R. A.

AU - Gould, A.

AU - D'Ago, G.

AU - Al-Subai, Khalid

AU - Dominik, M.

AU - Jaimes, R. Figuera

AU - Horne, K.

AU - Hundertmark, M.

AU - Kains, N.

AU - Snodgrass, C.

AU - Steele, I. A.

AU - Tsapras, Y.

AU - Albrow, M. D.

AU - Batista, V.

AU - Beaulieu, J. P.

AU - Bennett, D. P.

AU - Brillant, S.

AU - Caldwell, J. A R

AU - Cassan, A.

AU - Cole, A.

AU - Coutures, C.

AU - Dieters, S.

AU - Prester, D. Dominis

AU - Donatowicz, J.

AU - Fouqué, P.

AU - Hill, K.

AU - Marquette, J. B.

AU - Menzies, J.

AU - Pere, C.

AU - Ranc, C.

AU - Wambsganss, J.

AU - Warren, D.

AU - Almeida, L. Andrade De

AU - Choi, J. Y.

AU - Depoy, D. L.

AU - Dong, S.

AU - Hung, L. W.

AU - Hwang, K. H.

AU - Jablonski, F.

AU - Jung, Y. K.

AU - Kaspi, S.

AU - Klein, N.

AU - Lee, C. U.

AU - Maoz, D.

AU - Muñoz, J. A.

AU - Nataf, D.

AU - Park, H.

AU - Pogge, R. W.

AU - Polishook, D.

AU - Shin, I. G.

AU - Shporer, A.

AU - Yee, J. C.

AU - Abe, F.

AU - Bhattacharya, A.

AU - Bond, I. A.

AU - Botzler, C. S.

AU - Freeman, M.

AU - Fukui, A.

AU - Itow, Y.

AU - Koshimoto, N.

AU - Ling, C. H.

AU - Masuda, K.

AU - Matsubara, Y.

AU - Muraki, Y.

AU - Ohnishi, K.

AU - Philpott, L. C.

AU - Rattenbury, N.

AU - Saito, To

AU - Sullivan, D. J.

AU - Sumi, T.

AU - Suzuki, D.

AU - Tristram, P. J.

AU - Yonehara, A.

AU - Bozza, V.

AU - Calchi Novati, S.

AU - Ciceri, S.

AU - Galianni, P.

AU - Gu, S. H.

AU - Harpsøe, K.

AU - Hinse, T. C.

AU - Jørgensen, U. G.

AU - Juncher, D.

AU - Korhonen, H.

AU - Mancini, L.

AU - Melchiorre, C.

AU - Popovas, A.

AU - Postiglione, A.

AU - Rabus, M.

AU - Rahvar, S.

AU - Schmidt, R. W.

AU - Scarpetta, G.

AU - Skottfelt, J.

AU - Southworth, John

AU - Stabile, An

AU - Surdej, J.

AU - Wang, X. B.

AU - Wertz, O.

PY - 2015/10/20

Y1 - 2015/10/20

N2 - For all exoplanet candidates, the reliability of a claimed detection needs to be assessed through a careful study of systematic errors in the data to minimize the false positives rate. We present a method to investigate such systematics in microlensing data sets using the microlensing event OGLE-2013-BLG-0446 as a case study. The event was observed from multiple sites around the world and its high magnification (Amax ∼ 3000) allowed us to investigate the effects of terrestrial and annual parallax. Real-time modeling of the event while it was still ongoing suggested the presence of an extremely low-mass companion (∼3M) to the lensing star, leading to substantial follow-up coverage of the light curve. We test and compare different models for the light curve and conclude that the data do not favor the planetary interpretation when systematic errors are taken into account.

AB - For all exoplanet candidates, the reliability of a claimed detection needs to be assessed through a careful study of systematic errors in the data to minimize the false positives rate. We present a method to investigate such systematics in microlensing data sets using the microlensing event OGLE-2013-BLG-0446 as a case study. The event was observed from multiple sites around the world and its high magnification (Amax ∼ 3000) allowed us to investigate the effects of terrestrial and annual parallax. Real-time modeling of the event while it was still ongoing suggested the presence of an extremely low-mass companion (∼3M) to the lensing star, leading to substantial follow-up coverage of the light curve. We test and compare different models for the light curve and conclude that the data do not favor the planetary interpretation when systematic errors are taken into account.

KW - gravitational lensing: micro

KW - planetary systems

KW - techniques: photometric

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U2 - 10.1088/0004-637X/812/2/136

DO - 10.1088/0004-637X/812/2/136

M3 - Article

VL - 812

JO - Astrophysical Journal

JF - Astrophysical Journal

SN - 0004-637X

IS - 2

M1 - 136

ER -