Recycling stabilised/solidified drill cuttings for forage production in acidic soils

Reginald Kogbara, Bernard B. Dumkhana, Josiah M. Ayotamuno, Reuben N. Okparanma

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7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Stabilisation/solidification (S/S), which involves fixation and immobilisation of contaminants using cementitious materials, is one method of treating drill cuttings before final fate. This work considers reuse of stabilised/solidified drill cuttings for forage production in acidic soils. It sought to improve the sustainability of S/S technique through supplementation with the phytoremediation potential of plants, eliminate the need for landfill disposal and reduce soil acidity for better plant growth. Drill cuttings with an initial total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH) concentration of 17,125 mg kg−1 and low concentrations of metals were treated with 5%, 10%, and 20% cement dosages. The treated drill cuttings were reused in granular form for growing a forage, elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum), after mixing with uncontaminated soil. The grasses were also grown in uncontaminated soil. The phytoremediation and growth potential of the plants was assessed over a 12-week period. A mix ratio of one part drill cuttings to three parts uncontaminated soil was required for active plant growth. The phytoremediation ability of elephant grass (alongside abiotic losses) reduced the TPH level (up to 8795 mg kg−1) in the soil-treated-drill cuttings mixtures below regulatory (1000 mg kg−1) levels. There were also decreased concentrations of metals. The grass showed better heights and leaf lengths in soil containing drill cuttings treated with 5% cement dosage than in uncontaminated soil. The results suggest that recycling S/S treated drill cuttings for forage production may be a potential end use of the treated waste.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)652-663
Number of pages12
JournalChemosphere
Volume184
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017

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Keywords

  • Bioremediation
  • Contaminated soil
  • Metals
  • Phytoremediation
  • Stabilisation/solidification
  • Total petroleum hydrocarbons

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemistry(all)

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