Recto-vaginal septum cystadenocarcinoma: A case report and review of the literature

Sophie Warembourg, Mélanie Cayrac, Gauthier Rathat, Arash Rafii Tabrizi

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Background: Carcinoma of the recto-vaginal septum is a quite rare location and related to peritoneal and primary ovarian carcinomas. There are only few reports in the literature with a very poor prognosis. Case presentation: Here we report the case of a 63 years old woman with past medical history of left oophorectomy presenting with a pelvic pain. The magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) demonstrated a 10 cm mass located in the recto-vaginal septum. A block resection was performed allowing the retrieval of a 10 cm solid tumor of the rectovaginal septum. Peritoneal biopsies and the right ovary were normal the final diagnosis was cystadenocarcinoma of the recto-vaginal septum. The patient received adjuvant chemotherapy and displays no sign of recurrence 36 months after diagnosis. Conclusion: The management of recto-vaginal septum carcinoma with en bloc resection should be performed to avoid peritoneal spread and improve prognosis.

Original languageEnglish
Article number21
JournalBMC Women's Health
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2016



  • Primary peritoneal carcinoma
  • Recto-vaginal septum
  • Serous adenocarcinoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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