Quantum coherence and entanglement in the avian compass

James A. Pauls, Yiteng Zhang, Gennady P. Berman, Sabre Kais

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25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The radical-pair mechanism is one of two distinct mechanisms used to explain the navigation of birds in geomagnetic fields, however little research has been done to explore the role of quantum entanglement in this mechanism. In this paper we study the lifetime of radical-pair entanglement corresponding to the magnitude and direction of magnetic fields to show that the entanglement lasts long enough in birds to be used for navigation. We also find that the birds appear to not be able to orient themselves directly based on radical-pair entanglement due to a lack of orientation sensitivity of the entanglement in the geomagnetic field. To explore the entanglement mechanism further, we propose a model in which the hyperfine interactions are replaced by local magnetic fields of similar strength. The entanglement of the radical pair in this model lasts longer and displays an angular sensitivity in weak magnetic fields, both of which are not present in previous models.

Original languageEnglish
Article number062704
JournalPhysical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics
Volume87
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11 Jun 2013

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Statistics and Probability

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