Quadrature Index Modulation Based Multiple Access Scheme for 5G and beyond

Saud Althunibat, Raed Mesleh, Khalid Qaraqe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)


Index Modulation Multiple Access (IMMA) technique is proposed recently as a viable candidate for future wireless networks. The idea is to utilize the available orthogonal resources for multiple users as index constellation symbols and allow users to access all available resources without any need of scheduling algorithm. Yet, IMMA receiver applies brute-force search algorithm and suffers from immense computational complexity. Also, IMMA applies index modulation and allows each user to activate a single orthogonal resource at each transmission time. Hence, this letter aims at enhancing the overall performance of IMMA by allowing each user to activate two of the available orthogonal resources to transmit orthogonal data. As well, a novel low complexity receiver is proposed and shown to significantly reduce the computational complexity without any performance degradation. The new scheme is called Quadrature IMMMA (QIMMA) and shown to have superior performance, in terms of number of users and error probability, as compared to IMMA scheme. Analytical framework to compute the average bit error probability for the proposed QIMMA is derived and substantiated through Monte Carlo simulation results.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8821376
Pages (from-to)2257-2261
Number of pages5
JournalIEEE Communications Letters
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2019



  • index modulation
  • index modulation based multiple access
  • Multiple access

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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