Purified TPC Isoforms Form NAADP Receptors with Distinct Roles for Ca2+ Signaling and Endolysosomal Trafficking

Margarida Ruas, Katja Rietdorf, Abdelilah Arredouani, Lianne C. Davis, Emyr Lloyd-Evans, Heidi Koegel, Timothy M. Funnell, Anthony J. Morgan, John A. Ward, Keiko Watanabe, Xiaotong Cheng, Grant C. Churchill, Michael X. Zhu, Frances M. Platt, Gary M. Wessel, John Parrington, Antony Galione

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Abstract

Intracellular Ca2+ signals constitute key elements in signal transduction. Of the three major Ca2+ mobilizing messengers described, the most potent, nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NAADP) is the least well understood in terms of its molecular targets [1]. Recently, we showed that heterologous expression of two-pore channel (TPC) proteins enhances NAADP-induced Ca2+ release, whereas the NAADP response was abolished in pancreatic beta cells from Tpcn2 gene knockout mice [2]. However, whether TPCs constitute native NAADP receptors is unclear. Here we show that immunopurified endogenous TPC complexes possess the hallmark properties ascribed to NAADP receptors, including nanomolar ligand affinity [3-5]. Our study also reveals important functional differences between the three TPC isoforms. Thus, TPC1 and TPC2 both mediate NAADP-induced Ca2+ release, but the subsequent amplification of this trigger Ca2+ by IP3Rs is more tightly coupled for TPC2. In contrast, TPC3 expression suppressed NAADP-induced Ca2+ release. Finally, increased TPC expression has dramatic and contrasting effects on endolysosomal structures and dynamics, implicating a role for NAADP in the regulation of vesicular trafficking. We propose that NAADP regulates endolysosomal Ca2+ storage and release via TPCs and coordinates endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ release in a role that impacts on Ca2+ signaling in health and disease [6].

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)703-709
Number of pages7
JournalCurrent Biology
Volume20
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 Apr 2010
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • CELLBIO
  • SIGNALING

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Cite this

Ruas, M., Rietdorf, K., Arredouani, A., Davis, L. C., Lloyd-Evans, E., Koegel, H., Funnell, T. M., Morgan, A. J., Ward, J. A., Watanabe, K., Cheng, X., Churchill, G. C., Zhu, M. X., Platt, F. M., Wessel, G. M., Parrington, J., & Galione, A. (2010). Purified TPC Isoforms Form NAADP Receptors with Distinct Roles for Ca2+ Signaling and Endolysosomal Trafficking. Current Biology, 20(8), 703-709. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2010.02.049