Psychiatry residency education in countries with low- and middle-income economies

César A. Alfonso, Richard F. Summers, Ziad Kronfol, Xavier Jiménez, Rizky Aniza Winanda, Allan Tasman

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Utilizing scarce resources creatively becomes challenging for psychiatrists in impoverished countries. Balancing academic duties with public health needs compounds economic hardship, having to face concomitant problems of low wages, personnel shortages, large-volume practices, societal stigma, and discrimination. This chapter reviews how economic disparities in most of Asia, Africa, and Latin America, combined with psychiatric workforce inequities, create resource deficiencies having to culturally adapt educational initiatives. We recommend a learning inclusive approach that incorporates meeting public health needs and highest standards of care educational models. Specific examples will be given of collaborative didactic programs that connect mentors and institutions from high-income countries with trainees and faculty in underserved areas.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvances in Psychiatry
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Number of pages26
ISBN (Electronic)9783319705545
ISBN (Print)9783319705538
Publication statusPublished - 7 Aug 2018


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Alfonso, C. A., Summers, R. F., Kronfol, Z., Jiménez, X., Winanda, R. A., & Tasman, A. (2018). Psychiatry residency education in countries with low- and middle-income economies. In Advances in Psychiatry (pp. 697-722). Springer International Publishing.