Proton conducting plastic crystal electrolytes based on pivalic acid

Yaser Abu-Lebdeh, Ali Abouimrane, Pierre Jean Alarco, Isobel Dividson, Michel Armand

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18 Citations (Scopus)


New materials based on the plastic crystalline phase of pivalic acid were prepared, and their conductivities measured, in order to assess their potential for application as membranes for fuel cells. Pivalic acid has a very low conductivity of approximately 10-13 S cm-1 in the neat form. The objective of this study was to attempt to increase the ionic conductivity of pivalic acid through the addition of bases of varying strengths. Of the bases studied, the heterocyclic molecule, imidazole is the most effective, and upon the addition of 5 mol%, a soft, transparent material with a conductivity of 3.9 × 10-5 S cm-1 at 293 K was obtained. Differential scanning calorimetry was used to study the phase equilibrium in the pivalic acid-imidazole system. The presence of a plastic crystal phase over a temperature range of 21 K was observed in the pivalic acid-rich region.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)891-893
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 22 Sep 2006



  • Fuel cells
  • Plastic crystals
  • Proton conductors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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