Proton conducting plastic crystal electrolytes based on pivalic acid

Yaser Abu-Lebdeh, Ali Abouimrane, Pierre Jean Alarco, Isobel Dividson, Michel Armand

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

New materials based on the plastic crystalline phase of pivalic acid were prepared, and their conductivities measured, in order to assess their potential for application as membranes for fuel cells. Pivalic acid has a very low conductivity of approximately 10-13 S cm-1 in the neat form. The objective of this study was to attempt to increase the ionic conductivity of pivalic acid through the addition of bases of varying strengths. Of the bases studied, the heterocyclic molecule, imidazole is the most effective, and upon the addition of 5 mol%, a soft, transparent material with a conductivity of 3.9 × 10-5 S cm-1 at 293 K was obtained. Differential scanning calorimetry was used to study the phase equilibrium in the pivalic acid-imidazole system. The presence of a plastic crystal phase over a temperature range of 21 K was observed in the pivalic acid-rich region.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)891-893
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume159
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Sep 2006
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Electrolytes
Protons
plastics
electrolytes
Plastics
conduction
Crystals
acids
protons
Acids
crystals
imidazoles
conductivity
transparence
low conductivity
Ionic conductivity
Phase equilibria
ion currents
fuel cells
Fuel cells

Keywords

  • Fuel cells
  • Plastic crystals
  • Proton conductors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrochemistry
  • Energy (miscellaneous)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Proton conducting plastic crystal electrolytes based on pivalic acid. / Abu-Lebdeh, Yaser; Abouimrane, Ali; Alarco, Pierre Jean; Dividson, Isobel; Armand, Michel.

In: Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 159, No. 2, 22.09.2006, p. 891-893.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abu-Lebdeh, Yaser ; Abouimrane, Ali ; Alarco, Pierre Jean ; Dividson, Isobel ; Armand, Michel. / Proton conducting plastic crystal electrolytes based on pivalic acid. In: Journal of Power Sources. 2006 ; Vol. 159, No. 2. pp. 891-893.
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