Protein interaction maps can reveal novel pathways and functional complexes, allowing 'guilt by association' annotation of uncharacterized proteins. To address the need for large-scale protein interaction analyses, a bacterial two-hybrid system was coupled with a whole genome shotgun sequencing approach for microbial genome analysis. We report the first large-scale proteomics study using this system, integrating de novo genome sequencing with functional interaction mapping and annotation in a high-throughput format. We apply the approach by shotgun sequencing and annotating the genome of Rickettsia sibirica strain 246, an obligate intracellular human pathogen among the Spotted Fever Group rickettsiae. The bacteria invade endothelial cells and cause lysis after large amounts of progeny have accumulated. Little is known about specific Rickettsial virulence factors and their mode of pathogenicity. Analysis of the combined genomic sequence and protein-protein interaction data for a set of virulence related Type IV secretion system (T4SS) proteins revealed over 250 interactions and will provide insight into the mechanism of Rickettsial pathogenicity.
ASJC Scopus subject areas