Propagation of twin laser pulses in air and concatenation of plasma strings produced by femtosecond infrared filaments

A. Couairon, G. Méchain, Stylianos Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Lamouroux, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

45 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Two consecutive ultrashort laser pulses separated by 100 fs and polarized in orthogonal directions are shown to form a long femtosecond filament that connects both filaments created independently by each pulse from the interplay between photoionization and self-focusing. Measurements of the electron density generated by photoionization of air show that this connection is obtained for a very specific time delay between the pulses. A strong shortening of one of the pulses is associated to this connection of plasma channels. This phenomenon is modeled via numerical simulations of the propagation and interaction of the pulses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)177-192
Number of pages16
JournalOptics Communications
Volume225
Issue number1-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Sep 2003
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Femtosecond filamentation
  • Ultrashort laser pulses

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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