Background: An association between productive cytomegalovirus infection and atherosclerosis was shown recently in several trials, including a previous study of ours. However, the mechanism involved in this association is still under investigation. Here, we addressed the interaction between productive cytomegalovirus infection and endothelial function in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Methods: We analyzed the presence of cytomegaloviral DNA in plasma and endothelial function in 33 patients with STEMI and 33 volunteers without cardiovascular diseases, using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and a noninvasive test of flow-mediated dilation. Results: Both the frequency of presence and the load of cytomegaloviral DNA were higher in plasma of patients with STEMI than those in controls. This difference was independent of other cardiovascular risk factors (7.38 [1.36-40.07]; P = 0.02). The results of the flow-mediated dilation test were lower in patients in STEMI than in controls (5.0% [2.65%-3.09%] vs 12. %5 [7.5%-15.15%]; P = 0.004) and correlated negatively with the cytomegaloviral DNA load (Spearman R = −0.407; P = 0.019) independently of other cardiovascular risk factors. Conclusions: Productive cytomegalovirus infection in patients with STEMI correlated negatively with endothelial function independently of other cardiovascular risk factors. The impact of cytomegalovirus on endothelial function may explain the role of cytomegalovirus in cardiovascular prognosis.
- Endothelial function
- Flow-mediated vasodilation
- Polymerase chain reaction
- ST-elevation myocardial infarction
ASJC Scopus subject areas