Probing the fibrillation of lysozyme by nanoscale-infrared spectroscopy

Zeyaul Islam, Mohamed H. Ali, Anton Popelka, Raghvendra Mall, Ehsan Ullah, Janarthanan Ponraj, Prasanna R. Kolatkar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Amyloid fibrillation is the root cause of several neuro as well as non-neurological disorders. Understanding the molecular basis of amyloid aggregate formation is crucial for deciphering various neurodegenerative diseases. In our study, we have examined the lysozyme fibrillation process using nano-infrared spectroscopy (nanoIR). NanoIR enabled us to investigate both structural and chemical characteristics of lysozyme fibrillar species concurrently. The spectroscopic results indicate that lysozyme transformed into a fibrillar structure having mainly parallel β-sheets, with almost no antiparallel β-sheets. Features such as protein stiffness have a good correlation with obtained secondary structural information showing the state of the protein within the fibrillation state. The structural and chemical details were compared with transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and circular dichroism (CD). We have utilized nanoIR and measured infrared spectra to characterize lysozyme amyloid fibril structures in terms of morphology, molecular structure, secondary structure content, stability, and size of the cross-β core. We have shown that the use of nanoIR can complement other biophysical studies to analyze the aggregation process and is particularly useful for studying proteins involved in aggregation to help in designing molecules against amyloid aggregation. Specifically, the nanoIR spectra afford higher resolution information and a characteristic fingerprint for determining states of aggregation. Communicated by Ramaswamy H. Sarma.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 1 Jan 2020

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Keywords

  • amyloid fibrils
  • lysozyme
  • nanoIR
  • neurodegenerative diseases
  • Protein aggregation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Structural Biology
  • Molecular Biology

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