### Abstract

In applications like location-based services, sensor monitoring and biological databases, the values of the database items are inherently uncertain in nature. An important query for uncertain objects is the Probabilistic Nearest-Neighbor Query (PNN), which computes the probability of each object for being the nearest neighbor of a query point. Evaluating this query is computationally expensive, since it needs to consider the relationship among uncertain objects, and requires the use of numerical integration or Monte-Carlo methods. Sometimes, a query user may not be concerned about the exact probability values. For example, he may only need answers that have sufficiently high confidence. We thus propose the Constrained Nearest-Neighbor Query (C-PNN), which returns the IDs of objects whose probabilities are higher than some threshold, with a given error bound in the answers. The C-PNN can be answered efficiently with probabilistic verifiers. These are methods that derive the lower and upper bounds of answer probabilities, so that an object can be quickly decided on whether it should be included in the answer. We have developed three probabilistic verifiers, which can be used on uncertain data with arbitrary probability density functions. Extensive experiments were performed to examine the effectiveness of these approaches.

Original language | English |
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Title of host publication | Proceedings of the 2008 IEEE 24th International Conference on Data Engineering, ICDE'08 |

Pages | 973-982 |

Number of pages | 10 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 1 Oct 2008 |

Externally published | Yes |

Event | 2008 IEEE 24th International Conference on Data Engineering, ICDE'08 - Cancun, Mexico Duration: 7 Apr 2008 → 12 Apr 2008 |

### Other

Other | 2008 IEEE 24th International Conference on Data Engineering, ICDE'08 |
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Country | Mexico |

City | Cancun |

Period | 7/4/08 → 12/4/08 |

### Fingerprint

### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Software
- Signal Processing
- Information Systems

### Cite this

*Proceedings of the 2008 IEEE 24th International Conference on Data Engineering, ICDE'08*(pp. 973-982). [4497506] https://doi.org/10.1109/ICDE.2008.4497506

**Probabilistic verifiers : Evaluating constrained nearest-neighbor queries over uncertain data.** / Chengt, Reynold; Chen, Jinchuan; Mokbel, Mohamed; Chow, Chi Yin.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding › Conference contribution

*Proceedings of the 2008 IEEE 24th International Conference on Data Engineering, ICDE'08.*, 4497506, pp. 973-982, 2008 IEEE 24th International Conference on Data Engineering, ICDE'08, Cancun, Mexico, 7/4/08. https://doi.org/10.1109/ICDE.2008.4497506

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Probabilistic verifiers

T2 - Evaluating constrained nearest-neighbor queries over uncertain data

AU - Chengt, Reynold

AU - Chen, Jinchuan

AU - Mokbel, Mohamed

AU - Chow, Chi Yin

PY - 2008/10/1

Y1 - 2008/10/1

N2 - In applications like location-based services, sensor monitoring and biological databases, the values of the database items are inherently uncertain in nature. An important query for uncertain objects is the Probabilistic Nearest-Neighbor Query (PNN), which computes the probability of each object for being the nearest neighbor of a query point. Evaluating this query is computationally expensive, since it needs to consider the relationship among uncertain objects, and requires the use of numerical integration or Monte-Carlo methods. Sometimes, a query user may not be concerned about the exact probability values. For example, he may only need answers that have sufficiently high confidence. We thus propose the Constrained Nearest-Neighbor Query (C-PNN), which returns the IDs of objects whose probabilities are higher than some threshold, with a given error bound in the answers. The C-PNN can be answered efficiently with probabilistic verifiers. These are methods that derive the lower and upper bounds of answer probabilities, so that an object can be quickly decided on whether it should be included in the answer. We have developed three probabilistic verifiers, which can be used on uncertain data with arbitrary probability density functions. Extensive experiments were performed to examine the effectiveness of these approaches.

AB - In applications like location-based services, sensor monitoring and biological databases, the values of the database items are inherently uncertain in nature. An important query for uncertain objects is the Probabilistic Nearest-Neighbor Query (PNN), which computes the probability of each object for being the nearest neighbor of a query point. Evaluating this query is computationally expensive, since it needs to consider the relationship among uncertain objects, and requires the use of numerical integration or Monte-Carlo methods. Sometimes, a query user may not be concerned about the exact probability values. For example, he may only need answers that have sufficiently high confidence. We thus propose the Constrained Nearest-Neighbor Query (C-PNN), which returns the IDs of objects whose probabilities are higher than some threshold, with a given error bound in the answers. The C-PNN can be answered efficiently with probabilistic verifiers. These are methods that derive the lower and upper bounds of answer probabilities, so that an object can be quickly decided on whether it should be included in the answer. We have developed three probabilistic verifiers, which can be used on uncertain data with arbitrary probability density functions. Extensive experiments were performed to examine the effectiveness of these approaches.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=52649165058&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=52649165058&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1109/ICDE.2008.4497506

DO - 10.1109/ICDE.2008.4497506

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:52649165058

SN - 9781424418374

SP - 973

EP - 982

BT - Proceedings of the 2008 IEEE 24th International Conference on Data Engineering, ICDE'08

ER -