Pretraining enhances mnemonic training in elderly adults

Robert D. Hill, Javaid Sheikh, Jerome A. Yesavage

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)


One hundred twenty-eight elderly adults were recruited to assess the effects of affective judgment, imagery, and relaxation pretraining on mnemonic training. Participants were assigned to one of the following conditions: (1) visual imagery and affective judgment pretraining plus mnemonic training, (2) visual imagery pretraining only plus mnemonic training, (3) relaxation pretraining plus mnemonic training, (4) nonspecific pretraining plus mnemonic training, (5) nonspecific pretraining only, and (6) wait list. Subjects were tested at three times: Prior to training (Time 1), following pretraining (Time 2), and at the conclusion of mnemonic training (Time 3). Although those receiving active pretraining plus mnemonics did not differ from one another at Time 3, they recalled more than those with no active pretraining. The results suggest that for mnemonics to be effective they should be coupled with active pretraining techniques.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)207-211
Number of pages5
JournalExperimental Aging Research
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1988
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ageing
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Psychology(all)
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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