Presymptomatic analysis of spinocerebellar ataxia type 1 (SCA1) via the expansion of the SCA1 CAG-repeat in a large pedigree displaying anticipation and parental male bias

T. Matilla, V. Volpinl, D. Genis, J. Rosell, J. Corral, A. Davalos, A. Molins, Xavier P. Estivill

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxia type 1 (ADCA1) is a clinical and genetic heterogeneous neurodegenerative disorder which leads to progressive cerebellar ataxia. One defective gene responsible for the disease was first localised to 6p (SCA1, splnocerebellar ataxia type 1) and the mutation has been more recently characterised. We have analysed the CAG-repeat mutation responsible for the SCA1 phenotype in a large Spanish kindred with 41 affected members, in which positive linkage with D6S89 was previously shown. All (10) clinically affected members analysed were heterozygous with one disease allele being between 41 to 57 CAG repeats, and the other in the normal range, from 6 to 39 repeats. Nine clinically unaffected individuals who were between the ages of 18 and 40, were found to have expansions of the CAG repeat (41 to 59), and 22 other 'at risk' individuals were found to have inherited the SCA1 gene with copies of the CAG repeat in the normal range. We have also observed that affected fathers passed on the mutated SCA1 gene with larger increases in the number of CAG repeats than affected mothers did. In one case a decrease in the number of CAG repeats (51 to 50) was detected in the transmission from the affected mother, and in two cases no change was observed in the transmission of a 41 allele repeat by a mother. As in the other disorders in which knowledge of the mutation has been obtained, analysis of the repeat expansion dramatically changes diagnosis of SCA1.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2123-2128
Number of pages6
JournalHuman Molecular Genetics
Volume2
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1993
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Spinocerebellar Ataxias
Pedigree
Anticipation
Mutation
Genes
Gene
Cerebellar Ataxia
Disorder
Mothers
Reference Values
Alleles
Phenotype
Linkage
Range of data
Ataxia
Fathers
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Decrease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics(clinical)
  • Genetics

Cite this

Presymptomatic analysis of spinocerebellar ataxia type 1 (SCA1) via the expansion of the SCA1 CAG-repeat in a large pedigree displaying anticipation and parental male bias. / Matilla, T.; Volpinl, V.; Genis, D.; Rosell, J.; Corral, J.; Davalos, A.; Molins, A.; Estivill, Xavier P.

In: Human Molecular Genetics, Vol. 2, No. 12, 12.1993, p. 2123-2128.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxia type 1 (ADCA1) is a clinical and genetic heterogeneous neurodegenerative disorder which leads to progressive cerebellar ataxia. One defective gene responsible for the disease was first localised to 6p (SCA1, splnocerebellar ataxia type 1) and the mutation has been more recently characterised. We have analysed the CAG-repeat mutation responsible for the SCA1 phenotype in a large Spanish kindred with 41 affected members, in which positive linkage with D6S89 was previously shown. All (10) clinically affected members analysed were heterozygous with one disease allele being between 41 to 57 CAG repeats, and the other in the normal range, from 6 to 39 repeats. Nine clinically unaffected individuals who were between the ages of 18 and 40, were found to have expansions of the CAG repeat (41 to 59), and 22 other 'at risk' individuals were found to have inherited the SCA1 gene with copies of the CAG repeat in the normal range. We have also observed that affected fathers passed on the mutated SCA1 gene with larger increases in the number of CAG repeats than affected mothers did. In one case a decrease in the number of CAG repeats (51 to 50) was detected in the transmission from the affected mother, and in two cases no change was observed in the transmission of a 41 allele repeat by a mother. As in the other disorders in which knowledge of the mutation has been obtained, analysis of the repeat expansion dramatically changes diagnosis of SCA1.",
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