Preparation of anodized TiO2 photoanode for photoelectrochemical hydrogen production using natural seawater

Wonsik Nam, Seichang Oh, Hyunku Joo, Saper Sarp, Jaeweon Cho, Byeong Wook Nam, Jaekyung Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Water shortages are anticipated to occur all over the world and are likely to have a significant effect on the availability of water for water splitting processes, such as photocatalysis and electrolysis, as well as for drinking and industrial water. To overcome this problem, it has been suggested that seawater could be used as an alternative resource for the various water industries, including hydrogen production, industrial, and drinking water. Seawater contains a large amount of dissolved ion components, thus allowing it to be utilized as an electrolyte in PEC systems for producing hydrogen. In this study, anodized TiO2 electrodes are prepared and used as the photoanodes in a photoelectrochemical (PEC) system designed to convert natural seawater into hydrogen with the assistance of an external bias, and their electrochemical and morphological properties were characterized, and correlated with the hydrogen evolution rate and photocurrent. In order to prepare light sensitized TiO 2 electrodes, titanium was anodized in single and mixed chemicals and annealed under various conditions. Based on the comparison of their electrical and physical properties and hydrogen evolution rate, the TiO2 electrode anodized in a mixture of chemicals (NH4FH 2OC3H8O2 (ethylene glycol)) showed the best performance among the other electrodes. The experimental results showed that the hydrogen evolution rate obtained using seawater in the PEC system is ca. 215 μmol/cm2 h, thus confirming that this is an effective seawater electrolyte for hydrogen production, and the optimum external bias supplied by the solar cell is at least 3.0 V.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1809-1815
Number of pages7
JournalSolar Energy Materials and Solar Cells
Volume94
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2010
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Hydrogen production
Seawater
Hydrogen
Water
Electrodes
Electrolytes
Ethylene Glycol
Photocatalysis
Ethylene glycol
Titanium
Photocurrents
Electrolysis
Potable water
Drinking Water
Solar cells
Electric properties
Physical properties
Availability
Ions
Industry

Keywords

  • Anodization
  • Electrode
  • Hydrogen
  • Natural seawater
  • Photoanode

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

Cite this

Preparation of anodized TiO2 photoanode for photoelectrochemical hydrogen production using natural seawater. / Nam, Wonsik; Oh, Seichang; Joo, Hyunku; Sarp, Saper; Cho, Jaeweon; Nam, Byeong Wook; Yoon, Jaekyung.

In: Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, Vol. 94, No. 10, 10.2010, p. 1809-1815.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nam, Wonsik ; Oh, Seichang ; Joo, Hyunku ; Sarp, Saper ; Cho, Jaeweon ; Nam, Byeong Wook ; Yoon, Jaekyung. / Preparation of anodized TiO2 photoanode for photoelectrochemical hydrogen production using natural seawater. In: Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells. 2010 ; Vol. 94, No. 10. pp. 1809-1815.
@article{2d4188cc5fc2498ca9ef052ead3fc997,
title = "Preparation of anodized TiO2 photoanode for photoelectrochemical hydrogen production using natural seawater",
abstract = "Water shortages are anticipated to occur all over the world and are likely to have a significant effect on the availability of water for water splitting processes, such as photocatalysis and electrolysis, as well as for drinking and industrial water. To overcome this problem, it has been suggested that seawater could be used as an alternative resource for the various water industries, including hydrogen production, industrial, and drinking water. Seawater contains a large amount of dissolved ion components, thus allowing it to be utilized as an electrolyte in PEC systems for producing hydrogen. In this study, anodized TiO2 electrodes are prepared and used as the photoanodes in a photoelectrochemical (PEC) system designed to convert natural seawater into hydrogen with the assistance of an external bias, and their electrochemical and morphological properties were characterized, and correlated with the hydrogen evolution rate and photocurrent. In order to prepare light sensitized TiO 2 electrodes, titanium was anodized in single and mixed chemicals and annealed under various conditions. Based on the comparison of their electrical and physical properties and hydrogen evolution rate, the TiO2 electrode anodized in a mixture of chemicals (NH4FH 2OC3H8O2 (ethylene glycol)) showed the best performance among the other electrodes. The experimental results showed that the hydrogen evolution rate obtained using seawater in the PEC system is ca. 215 μmol/cm2 h, thus confirming that this is an effective seawater electrolyte for hydrogen production, and the optimum external bias supplied by the solar cell is at least 3.0 V.",
keywords = "Anodization, Electrode, Hydrogen, Natural seawater, Photoanode",
author = "Wonsik Nam and Seichang Oh and Hyunku Joo and Saper Sarp and Jaeweon Cho and Nam, {Byeong Wook} and Jaekyung Yoon",
year = "2010",
month = "10",
doi = "10.1016/j.solmat.2010.05.051",
language = "English",
volume = "94",
pages = "1809--1815",
journal = "Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells",
issn = "0927-0248",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "10",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Preparation of anodized TiO2 photoanode for photoelectrochemical hydrogen production using natural seawater

AU - Nam, Wonsik

AU - Oh, Seichang

AU - Joo, Hyunku

AU - Sarp, Saper

AU - Cho, Jaeweon

AU - Nam, Byeong Wook

AU - Yoon, Jaekyung

PY - 2010/10

Y1 - 2010/10

N2 - Water shortages are anticipated to occur all over the world and are likely to have a significant effect on the availability of water for water splitting processes, such as photocatalysis and electrolysis, as well as for drinking and industrial water. To overcome this problem, it has been suggested that seawater could be used as an alternative resource for the various water industries, including hydrogen production, industrial, and drinking water. Seawater contains a large amount of dissolved ion components, thus allowing it to be utilized as an electrolyte in PEC systems for producing hydrogen. In this study, anodized TiO2 electrodes are prepared and used as the photoanodes in a photoelectrochemical (PEC) system designed to convert natural seawater into hydrogen with the assistance of an external bias, and their electrochemical and morphological properties were characterized, and correlated with the hydrogen evolution rate and photocurrent. In order to prepare light sensitized TiO 2 electrodes, titanium was anodized in single and mixed chemicals and annealed under various conditions. Based on the comparison of their electrical and physical properties and hydrogen evolution rate, the TiO2 electrode anodized in a mixture of chemicals (NH4FH 2OC3H8O2 (ethylene glycol)) showed the best performance among the other electrodes. The experimental results showed that the hydrogen evolution rate obtained using seawater in the PEC system is ca. 215 μmol/cm2 h, thus confirming that this is an effective seawater electrolyte for hydrogen production, and the optimum external bias supplied by the solar cell is at least 3.0 V.

AB - Water shortages are anticipated to occur all over the world and are likely to have a significant effect on the availability of water for water splitting processes, such as photocatalysis and electrolysis, as well as for drinking and industrial water. To overcome this problem, it has been suggested that seawater could be used as an alternative resource for the various water industries, including hydrogen production, industrial, and drinking water. Seawater contains a large amount of dissolved ion components, thus allowing it to be utilized as an electrolyte in PEC systems for producing hydrogen. In this study, anodized TiO2 electrodes are prepared and used as the photoanodes in a photoelectrochemical (PEC) system designed to convert natural seawater into hydrogen with the assistance of an external bias, and their electrochemical and morphological properties were characterized, and correlated with the hydrogen evolution rate and photocurrent. In order to prepare light sensitized TiO 2 electrodes, titanium was anodized in single and mixed chemicals and annealed under various conditions. Based on the comparison of their electrical and physical properties and hydrogen evolution rate, the TiO2 electrode anodized in a mixture of chemicals (NH4FH 2OC3H8O2 (ethylene glycol)) showed the best performance among the other electrodes. The experimental results showed that the hydrogen evolution rate obtained using seawater in the PEC system is ca. 215 μmol/cm2 h, thus confirming that this is an effective seawater electrolyte for hydrogen production, and the optimum external bias supplied by the solar cell is at least 3.0 V.

KW - Anodization

KW - Electrode

KW - Hydrogen

KW - Natural seawater

KW - Photoanode

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77955417056&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=77955417056&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.solmat.2010.05.051

DO - 10.1016/j.solmat.2010.05.051

M3 - Article

VL - 94

SP - 1809

EP - 1815

JO - Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells

JF - Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells

SN - 0927-0248

IS - 10

ER -