Predictive value of a short dietary questionnaire for changes in serum lipids in high-risk Utah families

P. N. Hopkins, R. R. Williams, H. Kuida, B. M. Stults, Steven Hunt, G. K. Barlow, K. O. Ash

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Dietary questionnaires and serum cholesterol, triglycerides, and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol determinations were completed for 1,239 subjects aged ≥ 20 at each of two separate screenings. The mean time between screenings was 2.5 y. After correcting for potential confounding variables, reduction of a measure of dietary cholesterol and saturated fatty acids assessed by two simple questions was a significant independent predictor of reduction in total cholesterol in serum (p < 0.005). Initial body mass index (BMI) and change in BMI were highly significant predictors of initial values and changes in total cholesterol, triglycerides, and HDL cholesterol in serum. Reduction of dietary saturated fatty acid and cholesterol was significantly correlated with initial serum cholesterol levels, which suggest that serum cholesterol screening may be an important motivating factor for dietary change. Important public health and research implications of these findings are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)292-300
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Volume50
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1989
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

blood lipids
questionnaires
Cholesterol
cholesterol
Lipids
Serum
HDL Cholesterol
screening
high density lipoprotein cholesterol
Triglycerides
Body Mass Index
Fatty Acids
saturated fatty acids
body mass index
Dietary Cholesterol
triacylglycerols
Confounding Factors (Epidemiology)
public research
Surveys and Questionnaires
Public Health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Hopkins, P. N., Williams, R. R., Kuida, H., Stults, B. M., Hunt, S., Barlow, G. K., & Ash, K. O. (1989). Predictive value of a short dietary questionnaire for changes in serum lipids in high-risk Utah families. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 50(2), 292-300.

Predictive value of a short dietary questionnaire for changes in serum lipids in high-risk Utah families. / Hopkins, P. N.; Williams, R. R.; Kuida, H.; Stults, B. M.; Hunt, Steven; Barlow, G. K.; Ash, K. O.

In: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 50, No. 2, 1989, p. 292-300.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hopkins, PN, Williams, RR, Kuida, H, Stults, BM, Hunt, S, Barlow, GK & Ash, KO 1989, 'Predictive value of a short dietary questionnaire for changes in serum lipids in high-risk Utah families', American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 50, no. 2, pp. 292-300.
Hopkins, P. N. ; Williams, R. R. ; Kuida, H. ; Stults, B. M. ; Hunt, Steven ; Barlow, G. K. ; Ash, K. O. / Predictive value of a short dietary questionnaire for changes in serum lipids in high-risk Utah families. In: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 1989 ; Vol. 50, No. 2. pp. 292-300.
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