Potential therapeutic targets of Guggulsterone in cancer

Ajaz Ahmad Bhat, Kirti S. Prabhu, Shilpa Kuttikrishnan, Roopesh Krishnankutty, Jayaprakash Babu, Ramzi M. Mohammad, Shahab Uddin

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

5 Citations (Scopus)


Natural compounds capable of inducing apoptosis in cancer cells have always been of considerable interest as potential anti-cancer agents. Many such compounds are under screening and development with their potential evolution as a clinical drug benefiting many of the cancer patients. Guggulsterone (GS), a phytosterol isolated gum resin of the tree Commiphora mukul has been widely used in Indian traditional medicine as a remedy for various diseses. GS has been shown to possess cancer chemopreventive and therapeutic potential as established by in vitro and in vivo studies. GS has been shown to target constitutively activated survival pathways such as PI3-kinase/AKT, JAK/STAT, and NFκB signaling pathways that are involved in the regulation of growth and inflammatory responses via regulation of antiapoptotic and inflammatory genes. The current review focuses on the molecular targets of GS, cellular responses, and the animal model studies in various cancers. The mechanistic action of GS in different types of cancers also forms a part of this review. The perspective of translating this natural compound into a clinically approved drug with its pros and cons is also discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number23
JournalNutrition and Metabolism
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 28 Feb 2017
Externally publishedYes



  • Cancers
  • Chemoprevention
  • Guggulsterone
  • Molecular targets
  • Natural compounds

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Bhat, A. A., Prabhu, K. S., Kuttikrishnan, S., Krishnankutty, R., Babu, J., Mohammad, R. M., & Uddin, S. (2017). Potential therapeutic targets of Guggulsterone in cancer. Nutrition and Metabolism, 14(1), [23]. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12986-017-0180-8