Potential of membrane distillation - A comprehensive review

Adnan AlHathal Al-Anezi, Adel O. Sharif, Mohammed I. Sanduk, Abdul Rahman Khan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Membrane distillation (MD) is a recent and unique separation technology, in use in the process industry. The process of separation in MD involves the simultaneous heat and mass transfer through a hydrophobic semi permeable membrane, using thermal energy. Consequently a separation of the feed solution into two components - the permeate or product and the retentate or the return stream occurs. MD utilises low grade or alternative energy, e.g., solar energy, geothermal energy, etc., as a source and is the most cost effective separation technology. Hence the process has come to acquire the attention and interest of researchers, experimentalists and theoreticians all over the world. This article is a comprehensive review of the prominent research in the field of MD technology, including its basic principle, MD configurations, area of applications, membrane characteristics and modules, experimental studies involving the effect of main operating parameters, MD energy and economic, fouling and long-term performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)317-346
Number of pages30
JournalInternational Journal of Water
Volume7
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Keywords

  • Fouling and long-term performance
  • MD
  • MD configurations
  • MD energy and economic
  • Membrane distillation
  • Membrane modules
  • Parameters effecting MD

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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