Porosity in ancient glass from Syria (c. 800 AD) using gas adsorption and atomic force microscopy

E. Lester, N. Hilal, J. Henderson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Gas adsorption and atomic force microscopy have been used to quantify and compare the porosity, surface area and surface characteristics of five samples from Raqqa in northern Syria dating to ca. 8th century AD. High-quality high-pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC) glass was also analysed to compare the results with these characteristics of modern glass. All five ancient samples were found to have some porosity across the microporous (up to 2 nm) and the mesoporous (2-50 nm) range. The reasons for this porosity are not entirely clear at present but are likely to be due to the manufacturing methods used, including the raw materials. A correlation was found between glass chemical composition (especially the total alkali) and pore size, inferring that the melting temperature is one of the parameters that affects the development of pores. The work in this paper presents the preliminary findings from the study of porosity in ancient glass.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1323-1329
Number of pages7
JournalSurface and Interface Analysis
Volume36
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2004
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Syria
Gas adsorption
Atomic force microscopy
Porosity
atomic force microscopy
porosity
Glass
adsorption
glass
gases
High pressure liquid chromatography
Alkalies
Pore size
Melting point
Raw materials
liquid chromatography
dating
alkalies
chemical composition
manufacturing

Keywords

  • Atomic force microscopy
  • Gas adsorption
  • Glass
  • Mesoporosity
  • Surface characteristics
  • Syria

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

Porosity in ancient glass from Syria (c. 800 AD) using gas adsorption and atomic force microscopy. / Lester, E.; Hilal, N.; Henderson, J.

In: Surface and Interface Analysis, Vol. 36, No. 9, 09.2004, p. 1323-1329.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lester, E. ; Hilal, N. ; Henderson, J. / Porosity in ancient glass from Syria (c. 800 AD) using gas adsorption and atomic force microscopy. In: Surface and Interface Analysis. 2004 ; Vol. 36, No. 9. pp. 1323-1329.
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