Polymorphism of stress protein HSP70-2 gene in Tunisians: Susceptibility implications in type 2 diabetes and obesity

K. Zouari Bouassida, L. Chouchane, K. Jellouli, S. Chérif, S. Haddad, S. Gabbouj, J. Danguir

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Abstract

Objectives: Tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα) is expressed primarily in adipocytes and elevated levels of this cytokine have been linked to obesity and insulin resistance. Several studies have shown statistical evidence of linkage between obesity and the chromosomal region encompassing the TNFα gene, suggesting that TNF alpha and/or a nearby gene is involved in the pathogenesis of obesity. Recently we analyzed the -308 TNFα polymorphism and that of HSP70-2 gene in Tunisian patients with obesity and no significant difference in allele frequencies of the -308 TNFα polymorphism was found between obese patients and controls. In contrast, polymorphism in HSP70-2 gene was found to be highly associated with obesity. Both TNFα and HSP70-2 genes have been mapped within the major histocompatibility complex (MHC). We designated a case-controlled study to investigate a potential association of genetic variation of the TNFα and that of the heat shock protein 70-2 (HSP70-2) with type 2 diabetes. Methods: We used the polymerase chain reaction and restriction enzyme to characterize the variation of the TNFα promoter region and that of the HSP70-2 gene in 280 unrelated Tunisian patients with type2 diabetes and 274 healthy control subjects. Results: Analysis of the -308 TNFα polymorphism in patients with type 2 diabetes and in control subjects revealed that the heterozygous TNF1/TNF2 genotype was significantly less frequent in the patient group (p = 0.003), suggesting that TNF1/TNF2 may be considered as a protective marker against type 2 diabetes (OR = 0.58). In contrast, a significant relative risk of type 2 diabetes was found associated with the P2-HSP70-2homozygous genotype in non obese diabetic subjects (OR = 1.97; p = 0.0012). Conclusion: These results along with those showing high frequency of P2-HSP70-2 genotype in obese Tunisians, suggest that HSP70-2 polymorphism has susceptibility implications in both obesity and diabetes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)175-180
Number of pages6
JournalDiabetes and Metabolism
Volume30
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2004

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Keywords

  • Obesity
  • Polymorphism
  • Stress proteins
  • Tumor necrosis factor
  • Type 2 diabetes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology

Cite this

Bouassida, K. Z., Chouchane, L., Jellouli, K., Chérif, S., Haddad, S., Gabbouj, S., & Danguir, J. (2004). Polymorphism of stress protein HSP70-2 gene in Tunisians: Susceptibility implications in type 2 diabetes and obesity. Diabetes and Metabolism, 30(2), 175-180.