Polarization-induced interfacial reactions between nickel and selenium in Ni/zirconia SOFC anodes and comparison with sulfur poisoning

Olga A. Marina, Larry R. Pederson, Christopher A. Coyle, Edwin C. Thomsen, Danny J. Edwards

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Three distinctly different characteristic responses of a nickel/zirconia solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) anode to the presence of 0.5-5 ppm hydrogen selenide in synthetic coal gas were observed, depending on temperature, p H 2 Se, and especially on the extent of anodic polarization. The first level of response was characterized by a modest decrease in power density to a new steady state. Mostly observed at high temperatures, low p H2 Se, and low anodic polarizations, this response was similar to the effects caused by H2 S, only with slower onset and lower reversibility. Higher anodic polarization at a constant current triggered a second level of response characterized by oscillatory behavior involving performance loss followed by recovery. Oscillations ceased when the current density was lowered. A third level of response, irreversible cell failure, could be induced by the increase in anodic polarization, additionally favored by low temperature and high p H2 Se. Post-test analyses of failed cells revealed the extensive microstructural changes including the appearance of nickel selenide and nickel oxide at the anode/electrolyte interface. From bulk thermochemical considerations, the formation of nickel selenides could not be expected. Local chemical conditions created at the active interface appear to be of overriding importance with respect to the extent of Ni interactions with H2 Se in coal gas.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Volume158
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

cell anodes
Anodic polarization
poisoning
Selenium
solid oxide fuel cells
selenium
Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC)
Surface chemistry
Nickel
Sulfur
zirconium oxides
Zirconia
Anodes
sulfur
nickel
Polarization
selenides
Coal gas
polarization
coal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrochemistry
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Polarization-induced interfacial reactions between nickel and selenium in Ni/zirconia SOFC anodes and comparison with sulfur poisoning. / Marina, Olga A.; Pederson, Larry R.; Coyle, Christopher A.; Thomsen, Edwin C.; Edwards, Danny J.

In: Journal of the Electrochemical Society, Vol. 158, No. 1, 2011.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Marina, Olga A. ; Pederson, Larry R. ; Coyle, Christopher A. ; Thomsen, Edwin C. ; Edwards, Danny J. / Polarization-induced interfacial reactions between nickel and selenium in Ni/zirconia SOFC anodes and comparison with sulfur poisoning. In: Journal of the Electrochemical Society. 2011 ; Vol. 158, No. 1.
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